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Border Management and Migration Controls – Germany Report

Hänsel,, Valeria; Hess, Sabine; Kasparek, Bernd


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{
  "publisher": "Zenodo", 
  "DOI": "10.5281/zenodo.3268245", 
  "language": "eng", 
  "title": "Border Management and Migration Controls \u2013 Germany Report", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
      [
        2019, 
        7, 
        4
      ]
    ]
  }, 
  "abstract": "<p>This country report analyses the border management and migration control policies of the Federal&nbsp;Republic of Germany in relation to the policies and regulations of the European Union. It outlines&nbsp;Germany&rsquo;s hegemonic position within the European Union regarding migration management and&nbsp;border policies. We argue that the securitized perspective on migration policies &ndash; including the&nbsp;externalization strategy prevalent in the EU &ndash; is to a substantial degree rooted in discourses, policies,&nbsp;legislation and practices of Germany closely interwoven with European policies.</p>\n\n<p>The hegemonic position of the Federal Republic of Germany has expressed itself in both the political&nbsp;developments since 2011 outlined in the report, and the increasingly restrictive German legislation&nbsp;on migration control. In several cases, German legislation has been transmitted to the European&nbsp;level.</p>\n\n<p>Furthermore, there is a dominant narrative by federal ministries conceptualizing border security as&nbsp;an essential part of an &ldquo;integrated migration management approach&rdquo;. This perception has been&nbsp;strongly driven by the securitization of migration as response to migration movements to Europe,&nbsp;especially in the course of 2015 which were collectively perceived as a &ldquo;refugee crisis&rdquo;. The notion&nbsp;of &ldquo;integrated migration management&rdquo; expresses a perceived need to regulate migration through the&nbsp;close cooperation of actors on different levels and in different policy fields (economic cooperation&nbsp;and development, internal security, integration, foreign policy, police cooperation with other national&nbsp;and EU-external border officers, data exchange, as well as return and reintegration policies). In&nbsp;addition, exceptional measures such as the reintroduction of national border controls were&nbsp;implemented.</p>\n\n<p>However, the report stresses that Germany&rsquo;s border management cannot be reduced to policies at&nbsp;its national borders. What is more relevant is the vast number of externalization measures, both&nbsp;within and beyond the European Union. Through bilateral and multilateral police agreements as well&nbsp;as migration/readmission agreements with Member States, countries of origin and transit countries,</p>\n\n<p>Germany has significantly advanced the European Union&rsquo;s externalization of migration&nbsp;management. The German police are also actively involved with FRONTEX, the European Border&nbsp;and Coast Guard Agency.</p>\n\n<p>In addition, the report outlines Germany&rsquo;s restrictive border policies in the fields of pre-entry and&nbsp;internal controls (such as visa policies, carrier sanctions and veil searches), as well as in the field of&nbsp;detention and return. We analyse how the national policies to enforce speedy procedures and swift&nbsp;returns leads to a rise of encampment, detention and readmissions; the effects of these policies can&nbsp;be seen in EU policies that also endanger legal safeguards.</p>", 
  "author": [
    {
      "family": "H\u00e4nsel,, Valeria"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Hess, Sabine"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Kasparek, Bernd"
    }
  ], 
  "version": "v1.0", 
  "type": "article", 
  "id": "3268245"
}
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