Journal article Open Access

Study of Wearable Biosensor with Special Reference to Health Care Monitoring

Purvi Soni; Vjay Laxmi Kalyani

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    <subfield code="a">wearable biosensors, Health Care Monitoring,  biochemical  fluids,  sweat,  saliva,  tears,    heart  rate,  pulse  rate, body pressure, body temperature.</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;Abstract&amp;mdash; Wearable Biosensors enables real time analysis of&amp;nbsp; biochemical&amp;nbsp; fluids&amp;nbsp; such&amp;nbsp; as&amp;nbsp; sweat,&amp;nbsp; saliva&amp;nbsp; and&amp;nbsp; tears&amp;nbsp; and&lt;br&gt;
provides information about health conditions. As the name states, these sensors are worn on body, at wrist, in form of clothes, in mouth etc, thus termed as wearable and are used to&amp;nbsp; sense&amp;nbsp; various&amp;nbsp; diseases,&amp;nbsp; heart&amp;nbsp; rate,&amp;nbsp; pulse&amp;nbsp; rate,&amp;nbsp; body pressure, body&amp;nbsp; temperature etc, thus&amp;nbsp; termed as biosensor. The&amp;nbsp; biological&amp;nbsp; element&amp;nbsp; detected&amp;nbsp; by&amp;nbsp; biosensors&amp;nbsp; are antibodies,&amp;nbsp; enzymes&amp;nbsp; or&amp;nbsp; nucleic&amp;nbsp; acids.&amp;nbsp; These&amp;nbsp; biological elements interact with analyses to be tested and the response is&amp;nbsp; then&amp;nbsp; converted&amp;nbsp; to&amp;nbsp; electrical&amp;nbsp; signals.&amp;nbsp; The&amp;nbsp; real&amp;nbsp; time information&amp;nbsp; is&amp;nbsp; sent wire lessly&amp;nbsp; to&amp;nbsp; the monitors,&amp;nbsp; laptops&amp;nbsp; or smart phones. Wearable biosensors helps in early detection of health events and avoids hospitalization. These&amp;nbsp; sensors are used&amp;nbsp; to monitor a wide range of parameters as stated, for&amp;nbsp; the&amp;nbsp; health&amp;nbsp; and&amp;nbsp; fitness&amp;nbsp; of&amp;nbsp; individuals.&amp;nbsp; Wearable biosensors have found advantage over other biosensors as these are easy to use, low cost, flexible, and sensitive. These wearable biosensors have found wide application in cardiac monitoring, diabetics monitoring,&amp;nbsp; agriculture, bio-defense practices, environment, and drug delivery. In this research article,&amp;nbsp; we&amp;nbsp; discussed&amp;nbsp; some&amp;nbsp; of&amp;nbsp; the&amp;nbsp; research work&amp;nbsp; done&amp;nbsp; on wearable bio sensing technology and also some of the latest and&amp;nbsp; modern&amp;nbsp; wearable&amp;nbsp; biosensors&amp;nbsp; used&amp;nbsp; in&amp;nbsp; Health&amp;nbsp; care monitoring.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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