Dataset Open Access

Biodiversity Hotspots (version 2016.1)

Michael Hoffman; Kellee Koenig; Gill Bunting; Jennifer Costanza; Williams, Kristen J.


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{
  "inLanguage": {
    "alternateName": "eng", 
    "@type": "Language", 
    "name": "English"
  }, 
  "description": "<p>There are currently&nbsp;<a href=\"https://www.cepf.net/node/1996\">36 recognized biodiversity hotspots</a>. These are Earth&rsquo;s most biologically rich&mdash;yet threatened&mdash;terrestrial regions.</p>\n\n<p>To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, an area must meet two strict criteria:</p>\n\n<ul>\n\t<li>Contain at least 1,500 species of vascular plants found nowhere else on Earth (known as &quot;endemic&quot; species).</li>\n\t<li>Have lost at least 70 percent of its primary&nbsp;native vegetation.</li>\n</ul>\n\n<p>Many of the biodiversity hotspots exceed the two criteria. For example, both the Sundaland Hotspot in Southeast Asia and the Tropical Andes Hotspot in South America have about&nbsp;<strong>15,000</strong>&nbsp;endemic plant species. The loss of vegetation in some hotspots has reached a startling&nbsp;<strong>95</strong>&nbsp;percent.</p>", 
  "license": "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "affiliation": "Conservation International", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4785-2254", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Michael Hoffman"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Conservation International", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2505-860X", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Kellee Koenig"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "BirdLife International", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Gill Bunting"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "North Carolina State University", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3747-538X", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Jennifer Costanza"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "CSIRO", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7324-5880", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Williams, Kristen J."
    }
  ], 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/3261807", 
  "datePublished": "2016-04-25", 
  "version": "2016.1", 
  "keywords": [
    "Biodiversity", 
    "Conservation Priorities"
  ], 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "distribution": [
    {
      "contentUrl": "https://zenodo.org/api/files/33af4f60-01e5-449a-be74-b54d3a3adef0/hotspots_2016_1.zip", 
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  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3261807", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3261807", 
  "@type": "Dataset", 
  "name": "Biodiversity Hotspots (version 2016.1)"
}
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