Conference paper Open Access

Aggregation of Thermostatically Controlled Loads for Flexibility Markets

Jimeno, Joseba; Ruiz, Nerea; Madina, Carlos

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  "publisher": "Zenodo", 
  "DOI": "10.5281/zenodo.3248867", 
  "language": "eng", 
  "title": "Aggregation of Thermostatically Controlled Loads for Flexibility Markets", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
  "abstract": "<p>This paper presents a tool for an aggregator of thermostatically controlled loads (TCLs) to optimally combine their flexibilities into a few representative bids to be submitted to flexibility markets. The tool employs a &ldquo;bottom-up&rdquo; approach based on physical end-use load models, being the individual flexibility of each individual TCL simulated with a second-order thermal model describing the dynamics of the house. The approach is based on a direct load control (DLC) of thermostat temperature set-point by the aggregator. End-users receive an economic compensation in exchange for the loss of comfort. The applicability of the proposed model is demonstrated in a simulation case study based on an actual power system in Spain.</p>", 
  "author": [
      "family": "Jimeno, Joseba"
      "family": "Ruiz, Nerea"
      "family": "Madina, Carlos"
  "type": "paper-conference", 
  "id": "3248867"
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