Journal article Open Access

Haematology and Serum Biochemistry of Castrated West African Dwarf buck Fed Varying Levels of Local Brewers' Dried Grain With Ber (Ziziphus jujube) Leaves Basal Diets

Babale, D. M.; Millam, J. J.; Yahya, M. M.

This study was conducted to determine the effects of feeding West African Dwarf goats varying levels of Brewers’ dried grain and Ber leaves (Ziziphus jujube) as basal diet on Haematology  and serum biochemistry. The experimental diets were ber leaves (Ziziphus jujube) as basal diet, supplemented with local brewers’ dried grain at (0, 50, 100 and 150 g) designated as treatments T1, T2, T3 and T4 respectively. These diets were fed to the experimental animals for a period of 63 days. At the end of the experiment, blood samples were collected from the animals through the jugular veins for determination of haematological and serum biochemical parameters. Data obtained were subjected to Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) in a Randomized Complete Block Design using SAS (2001) package and significant differences separated using Duncan Multiple Range Test. Results showed that PCV, Hb, RBC, WBC, MCHC, MCH and MCV ranged from 34.00 –44.50%, 8.00 – 11.17 g/dl, 12.00 – 14.00, 8.40-9.60 x103/mm3, 2.14 – 2.58 x106/mm3, 3.57- 6.74 fL. Blood serum protein ranges were (6.00 -7.10), Albumin (4.10 – 5.20), Globulin (4.70 – 5.30), Glucose (62.00 – 56.50) and Blood urea of 7.60 – 8.70 respectively. The values for serum enzymes were (7.50 -8.80), (7.10 – 8.30) (8.67 – 10.40) in that order. Other blood indices (MCV, MCH and MCHC), were within the normal ranges indicating that the goats were not anaemic. It was therefore concluded that Ber leaves (Ziziphus jujube) could be used safely to fatten goats as basal diet supplemented with brewers’ dried grain during the critical dry period of the year.

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