Journal article Open Access

Historical Aspect of Federalization of Ukraine and Legal Challenges of Our Time

Oleksandr V. Novykov Vladyslav S. Melnychenko Oleksandr O. Buzinov

The article analyzes the necessity and possible consequences of changing the state structure of Ukraine. In Ukraine, starting from 2014, the question arose about the need to change the state system in order to resolve existing conflicts. The Russian Federation and its supporters actively promote the necessity of federalization of Ukraine, considering it a guarantee of termination of the hybrid war in the East of Ukraine. The article analyzes in detail the real intentions of supporters of the federalization of Ukraine and the goal they want to achieve.

The idea of federalization of Ukraine is based on the seemingly successful practice of many federal countries and the statements of well-known Ukrainian politicians of the last century. But is it really there? To answer this question, the article quite clearly analyzed the practice of countries with experience in changing the state structure or the formation of a federal state. Also, the article explores in detail the peculiarities of those historical stages during which the Ukrainian political elite of the past centuries lived. The situation in which the Ukrainian people and the changes that he needed were analyzed.

The conclusion indicates the possible consequences of changing the state system, taking into account the practice of other countries. It has also been established that a very important factor that could negatively affect Ukrainian statehood is the lack of experience in building a federal state. Ukraine has always been exposed to external pressure, the purpose of which was the artificial division of the Ukrainian people. It is noted that the idea of federalization is a continuation of this trend, so this issue should be treated with caution.

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