Journal article Open Access
Yulia O. Lukyanova
In this article the author examines the basic norms of "soft law of the EU", which establish common rules for the use of energy from renewable sources and the level of their implementation in national legislation as well as the basis of cooperation between Ukraine and the EU on promoting energy efficiency and renewable energy sources.
The author has made the general overview of international obligation of Ukraine about improvement and adaptation of the national legislation to the EU standards in the sphere being explored.
The author determines the necessity of forming the policy directed on realization of investment projects in the spheres of energy efficiency and renewable energy in Ukraine; the need, the necessity additionally to the attraction of foreign investments, to support the national business entities that implement the use of energy from renewable sources. A specific role of constant scientific and technical updating in the field of energy production was established.
In the article the main achievements in the field of energy use from renewable sources are analyzed, problem points and directions of further popularization and wide introduction of the production of energy from renewable sources from the production to the household sphere are identified.
Enough attention is paid to the mechanisms of stimulation of renewable electricity production that have already been acting today; the author mentions energy-saving projects implemented by local authorities; the potentially most powerful renewable energy resources of the country are identified, the energy of the sun and wind in particular.
Difficulties in using renewable energy often go beyond the strictly regulatory and financial issues. In this regard, the author permanently accents the need to raise citizens' awareness of the results of reforms and institutional changes in Ukraine and the opportunities provided by these reforms.