Journal article Open Access
Elmira E. Hadzhyieva
The article is devoted to the concept of a bulling, its characteristic features, the subject structure and the main determinants. Bullying is when a person or group repeatedly tries to harm someone who is weaker or who they think is weaker. Sometimes it involves direct attacks such as hitting, name calling, teasing or taunting. Sometimes it is indirect, such as spreading rumors or trying to make others reject someone. Economic, social and cultural factors, innate temperament aspects and influence from family, friends, school, and community are risks for the manifestation of bullying and have an impact on children's and adolescent's health and development. Bullying is most prevalent among students ranging from 11 to 13 years-old, and less frequent in nursery and secondary school children.
Often people dismiss bullying among kids as a normal part of growing up. But bullying is harmful. It can lead children and teenagers to feel tense and afraid. It may lead them to avoid school. In severe cases, teens who are bullied may feel they need to take drastic measures or react violently. Others even consider suicide. For some, the effects of bullying last a lifetime.
Then the article analyzes the current state of the fight against bulling in Ukraine: innovations of legislation and practical steps of their implementation.
To conclude the ways to stop bullying at all levels are as following: general, sectoral and local, the creation of a specialized service and the application of foreign experience.