Dataset Open Access

Orthophotos and DSMs/DTM derived from RPAS flights over the nature reserve Landschap De Liereman in Flanders, Belgium

Vanden Borre, Jeroen; Klaas Pauly; Van Hoey, Stijn; De Reu, Jeroen; Desmet, Peter

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  "publisher": "Zenodo", 
  "DOI": "10.5281/zenodo.3063335", 
  "title": "Orthophotos and DSMs/DTM derived from RPAS flights over the nature reserve Landschap De Liereman in Flanders, Belgium", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
  "abstract": "<p><strong>Study area</strong></p>\n\n<p>Landschap De Liereman is a nature reserve situated in Oud-Turnhout, in the province of Antwerp, Flanders, Belgium. The area is managed by the nature conservation NGO Natuurpunt and consists of a diverse landscape of wet and dry heathlands, <em>Nardus</em> grasslands on siliceous soils, forests and transition mires, as well as some remaining arable fields and high-intensity agricultural grasslands.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Data collection</strong></p>\n\n<p>Data were collected by the <a href=\"\">Research Institute for Nature and Forest (INBO)</a> with a fixed wing drone Gatewing X100 in 2015 (7 flights). RGB data were acquired using an off-the-shelf Ricoh GR Digital IV camera, with the following image bands: 1: red, 2: green, 3: blue, 4: alpha channel.</p>\n\n<p>An additional flight campaign was commissioned by INBO and carried out by the <a href=\"\">Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO)</a> in 2017 with a fixed wing drone SenseFly eBee. Multispectral data were acquired using a Parrot Sequoia camera, with the following image bands: 1: green, 2: red, 3: red edge, 4: NIR, 5: alpha channel. with a Parrot Sequoia camera. Raw data for this flight campaign are not available.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Data processing</strong></p>\n\n<p>The raw data were processed to Digital Surface Models and orthophotos by VITO in 2017. For the 2017 campaign by VITO, the outputs also include a Digital Terrain Model (DTM). Images with coarse GPS coordinates were imported and processed in Agisoft PhotoScan Pro 1.4.x, a structure-from-motion (SfM) based photogrammetry software program. After extraction and matching of tie points, a bundle adjustment leads to a sparse point cloud and a refined set of camera position and orientation values. From there, a point cloud densification and classification into ground and non-ground points was performed, leading to a rasterized digital surface model (DSM) and digital terrain model (DTM). Finally, a true orthomosaic was projected onto the DTM.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Coordinate reference system</strong></p>\n\n<p>All geospatial data have the coordinate reference system <code>EPSG:31370 - Belgian Lambert 72</code>.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Files</strong></p>\n\n<ul>\n\t<li><strong>Raw flight data</strong>: images and logs collected by the drone during flight. These files are zipped per flight, with the date (<code>yyyymmdd</code>) and flight number (<code>x</code>) indicated in the file name (<code></code>). Raw data for the eBee flights are not available.</li>\n\t<li><strong>Processed data</strong>: Digital Surface Models (<code>filename_DSM.tif</code>) and orthophotos (<code>filename_Ortho.tif</code>) stitched together from the raw data. The included flights are indicated in the file name (7 flights for <code>20151008_Liereman_1-4_20151009_Liereman_1-3_DSM.tif)</code>.</li>\n\t<li><strong>Ground control points</strong>: not applicable&nbsp;for this dataset.</li>\n</ul>\n\n<p><strong>Cloud Optimized GeoTIFF</strong></p>\n\n<p>The most efficient way to explore the processed data is by loading the <a href=\"\">Cloud Optimized GeoTIFFs</a> we created for each processed file. Copy one of the file URLs below and follow e.g. the <a href=\"\">QGIS tutorial</a> to load this type of file.</p>\n\n<ul>\n\t<li><code></code></li>\n\t<li><code></code> RGB</li>\n\t<li><code></code></li>\n\t<li><code></code></li>\n\t<li><code></code> multispec</li>\n</ul>\n\n<p>See <a href=\"\">this page</a> for an overview of public INBO RPAS data.</p>", 
  "author": [
      "family": "Vanden Borre, Jeroen"
      "family": "Klaas Pauly"
      "family": "Van Hoey, Stijn"
      "family": "De Reu, Jeroen"
      "family": "Desmet, Peter"
  "note": "This dataset was collected using infrastructure provided by INBO and funded by Research Foundation - Flanders (FWO) as part of the Belgian contribution to LifeWatch.", 
  "type": "dataset", 
  "id": "3063335"
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