Project deliverable Open Access
Noise affecting citizens and communities is a growing problem that goes beyond the Aviation sector in many cases. Recent figures provided by the European Commission, actually highlight that almost 80 million people are estimated to be exposed to road noise ≥55 dB, followed by over 10 million exposed to rail noise. Hence, the importance of this analysis and report with a key focus on the noise related to non-aviation sectors affecting local communities.
The partners involved in conducting the research associated to this task (ST2.3.4) have decided that the study will focus on the following key specific non-aviation sectors:
For each sector, the noise characteristics have been introduced, providing the reader with an overview of the different kind of noise sources, explaining briefly how they may affect the population and generate annoyance. Also, for each sector, a comparative analysis of similarities and differences between this sector and the aviation noise has been provided.
Following the description of work stated in the Grant Agreement, the report has focussed on the means and tools for measuring, modelling and communicating noise exposure in the different sectors, dedicating specific chapters for each of the above elements. Then, a review of the relevance of experience in other transport and industrial sectors affected by noise impact has been carried out, which has provided extra insight in related noise mitigation and reduction strategies.
10 case-studies across the other sector noise spectrum have been analysed in depth, and key messages and lessons learnt have been extracted and discussed in a dedicated section. The variety of case studies has covered a global range, from Europe, as well as internationally, since the idea was to obtain the best noise mitigation and reduction strategies, approaches or tools.
Due to the different nature of the noise sources and their characteristics, in some cases the focus has been placed on the communication and engagement process, to guarantee some sort of transferability, in other cases (e.g. the Hong-Kong case study) mitigation measures at receptors have been considered, due to the higher transferability to the aviation sector.
The wind turbine case studies provide inspiration for a novel approach to fairly share benefits with those affected by noise. Via local funds, energy discounts and community run energy co-operations, the local community can directly benefit from the wind turbines that are created in their area. The authors suggestion is to encourage ANIMA partners to investigate the transferability of this concept to the aviation sector, considering the growth in complaints around European airports. Further suggested research is presented in the Conclusion chapter.