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Perceiving arousal and valence in facial expressions: Differences between children and adults

Vesker et al. (2017) European Journal of Developmental Psychology


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    "description": "<p>Arousal and valence have long been studied as the two primary dimensions for<br>\nthe perception of emotional stimuli such as facial expressions. Prior correlational<br>\nstudies that tested emotion perception along these dimensions found broad<br>\nsimilarities between adults and children. However, few studies looked for<br>\ndirect differences between children and adults in these dimensions beyond<br>\ncorrelation. We tested 9-year-old children and adults on rating positive and<br>\nnegative facial stimuli based on emotional arousal and valence. Despite high<br>\nsignificant correlations between children\u2019s and adults\u2019 ratings, our findings also<br>\nshowed significant differences between children and adults in terms of rating<br>\nvalues: Children rated all expressions as significantly more positive than adults<br>\nin valence. Children also rated positive emotions as more arousing than adults.<br>\nOur results show that although perception of facial emotions along arousal and<br>\nvalence follows similar patterns in children and adults, some differences in ratings<br>\npersist, and vary by emotion type.</p>", 
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    "title": "Perceiving arousal and valence in facial expressions: Differences between children and adults", 
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