Journal article Open Access

Measuring approach–avoidance tendencies towards food with touchscreen‑based arm movements

Meule, Adrian; Richard, Anna; Lender, Anja; Dinic, Radomir; Brockmeyer, Timo; Rinck, Mike; Blechert, Jens

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    <subfield code="a">Richard, Anna</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Paris-Lodron University of Salzburg, Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Lender, Anja</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Department of MultiMedia Technology, Salzburg University of Applied Sciences, Puch, Austria</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Dinic, Radomir</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Institute of Psychology, University of Goettingen, Göttingen, Germany</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Brockmeyer, Timo</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Rinck, Mike</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Paris-Lodron University of Salzburg, Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Blechert, Jens</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Paris-Lodron University of Salzburg, Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience</subfield>
    <subfield code="0">(orcid)0000-0002-6639-8977</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Meule, Adrian</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Measuring approach–avoidance tendencies towards food with touchscreen‑based arm movements</subfield>
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    <subfield code="c">639445</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Transdiagnostic views on eating disorders and obesity and new approaches for treatment</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;Most tasks for measuring automatic approach&amp;ndash;avoidance tendencies do not resemble naturalistic approach&amp;ndash;avoidance behaviors.&lt;br&gt;
Therefore, we developed a paradigm for the assessment of approach&amp;ndash;avoidance tendencies towards palatable food,&lt;br&gt;
which is based on arm and hand movements on a touchscreen, thereby mimicking real-life grasping or warding movements.&lt;br&gt;
In Study 1 (n = 85), an approach bias towards chocolate-containing foods was found when participants reached towards the&lt;br&gt;
stimuli, but not when these stimuli had to be moved on the touchscreen. This approach bias towards food observed in grab&lt;br&gt;
movements was replicated in Study 2 (n = 60) and Study 3 (n = 94). Adding task features to disambiguate distance change&lt;br&gt;
through either corresponding image zooming (Study 2) or emphasized self-reference (Study 3) did not moderate this effect.&lt;br&gt;
Associations between approach bias scores and trait and state chocolate craving were inconsistent across studies. Future&lt;br&gt;
studies need to examine whether touchscreen-based approach&amp;ndash;avoidance tasks reveal biases towards other stimuli in the&lt;br&gt;
appetitive or aversive valence domain and relate to relevant interindividual difference variables.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">10.1007/s00426-019-01195-1</subfield>
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