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Measuring approach–avoidance tendencies towards food with touchscreen‑based arm movements

Meule, Adrian; Richard, Anna; Lender, Anja; Dinic, Radomir; Brockmeyer, Timo; Rinck, Mike; Blechert, Jens


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{
  "description": "<p>Most tasks for measuring automatic approach&ndash;avoidance tendencies do not resemble naturalistic approach&ndash;avoidance behaviors.<br>\nTherefore, we developed a paradigm for the assessment of approach&ndash;avoidance tendencies towards palatable food,<br>\nwhich is based on arm and hand movements on a touchscreen, thereby mimicking real-life grasping or warding movements.<br>\nIn Study 1 (n = 85), an approach bias towards chocolate-containing foods was found when participants reached towards the<br>\nstimuli, but not when these stimuli had to be moved on the touchscreen. This approach bias towards food observed in grab<br>\nmovements was replicated in Study 2 (n = 60) and Study 3 (n = 94). Adding task features to disambiguate distance change<br>\nthrough either corresponding image zooming (Study 2) or emphasized self-reference (Study 3) did not moderate this effect.<br>\nAssociations between approach bias scores and trait and state chocolate craving were inconsistent across studies. Future<br>\nstudies need to examine whether touchscreen-based approach&ndash;avoidance tasks reveal biases towards other stimuli in the<br>\nappetitive or aversive valence domain and relate to relevant interindividual difference variables.</p>", 
  "license": "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "affiliation": "Paris-Lodron University of Salzburg, Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6639-8977", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Meule, Adrian"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Schoen Clinic Roseneck, Prien am Chiemsee, Germany", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3926-8533", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Richard, Anna"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Paris-Lodron University of Salzburg, Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Lender, Anja"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Department of MultiMedia Technology, Salzburg University of Applied Sciences, Puch, Austria", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3310-8520", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Dinic, Radomir"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Institute of Psychology, University of Goettingen, G\u00f6ttingen, Germany", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2544-7610", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Brockmeyer, Timo"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Rinck, Mike"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Paris-Lodron University of Salzburg, Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3820-109X", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Blechert, Jens"
    }
  ], 
  "headline": "Measuring approach\u2013avoidance tendencies towards food with touchscreen\u2011based arm movements", 
  "image": "https://zenodo.org/static/img/logos/zenodo-gradient-round.svg", 
  "datePublished": "2019-05-13", 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/2784022", 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-019-01195-1", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-019-01195-1", 
  "@type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
  "name": "Measuring approach\u2013avoidance tendencies towards food with touchscreen\u2011based arm movements"
}
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