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Measuring approach–avoidance tendencies towards food with touchscreen‑based arm movements

Meule, Adrian; Richard, Anna; Lender, Anja; Dinic, Radomir; Brockmeyer, Timo; Rinck, Mike; Blechert, Jens


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    "description": "<p>Most tasks for measuring automatic approach&ndash;avoidance tendencies do not resemble naturalistic approach&ndash;avoidance behaviors.<br>\nTherefore, we developed a paradigm for the assessment of approach&ndash;avoidance tendencies towards palatable food,<br>\nwhich is based on arm and hand movements on a touchscreen, thereby mimicking real-life grasping or warding movements.<br>\nIn Study 1 (n = 85), an approach bias towards chocolate-containing foods was found when participants reached towards the<br>\nstimuli, but not when these stimuli had to be moved on the touchscreen. This approach bias towards food observed in grab<br>\nmovements was replicated in Study 2 (n = 60) and Study 3 (n = 94). Adding task features to disambiguate distance change<br>\nthrough either corresponding image zooming (Study 2) or emphasized self-reference (Study 3) did not moderate this effect.<br>\nAssociations between approach bias scores and trait and state chocolate craving were inconsistent across studies. Future<br>\nstudies need to examine whether touchscreen-based approach&ndash;avoidance tasks reveal biases towards other stimuli in the<br>\nappetitive or aversive valence domain and relate to relevant interindividual difference variables.</p>", 
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    "title": "Measuring approach\u2013avoidance tendencies towards food with touchscreen\u2011based arm movements", 
    "journal": {
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      "title": "Psychological Research"
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    "publication_date": "2019-05-13", 
    "creators": [
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        "affiliation": "Paris-Lodron University of Salzburg, Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience", 
        "name": "Meule, Adrian"
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        "orcid": "0000-0003-3926-8533", 
        "affiliation": "Schoen Clinic Roseneck, Prien am Chiemsee, Germany", 
        "name": "Richard, Anna"
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      {
        "affiliation": "Paris-Lodron University of Salzburg, Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience", 
        "name": "Lender, Anja"
      }, 
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        "orcid": "0000-0003-3310-8520", 
        "affiliation": "Department of MultiMedia Technology, Salzburg University of Applied Sciences, Puch, Austria", 
        "name": "Dinic, Radomir"
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        "orcid": "0000-0003-2544-7610", 
        "affiliation": "Institute of Psychology, University of Goettingen, G\u00f6ttingen, Germany", 
        "name": "Brockmeyer, Timo"
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      {
        "affiliation": "Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands", 
        "name": "Rinck, Mike"
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        "affiliation": "Paris-Lodron University of Salzburg, Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience", 
        "name": "Blechert, Jens"
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