Journal article Open Access

Measuring approach–avoidance tendencies towards food with touchscreen‑based arm movements

Meule, Adrian; Richard, Anna; Lender, Anja; Dinic, Radomir; Brockmeyer, Timo; Rinck, Mike; Blechert, Jens


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    <dct:title>Measuring approach–avoidance tendencies towards food with touchscreen‑based arm movements</dct:title>
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    <dct:description>&lt;p&gt;Most tasks for measuring automatic approach&amp;ndash;avoidance tendencies do not resemble naturalistic approach&amp;ndash;avoidance behaviors.&lt;br&gt; Therefore, we developed a paradigm for the assessment of approach&amp;ndash;avoidance tendencies towards palatable food,&lt;br&gt; which is based on arm and hand movements on a touchscreen, thereby mimicking real-life grasping or warding movements.&lt;br&gt; In Study 1 (n = 85), an approach bias towards chocolate-containing foods was found when participants reached towards the&lt;br&gt; stimuli, but not when these stimuli had to be moved on the touchscreen. This approach bias towards food observed in grab&lt;br&gt; movements was replicated in Study 2 (n = 60) and Study 3 (n = 94). Adding task features to disambiguate distance change&lt;br&gt; through either corresponding image zooming (Study 2) or emphasized self-reference (Study 3) did not moderate this effect.&lt;br&gt; Associations between approach bias scores and trait and state chocolate craving were inconsistent across studies. Future&lt;br&gt; studies need to examine whether touchscreen-based approach&amp;ndash;avoidance tasks reveal biases towards other stimuli in the&lt;br&gt; appetitive or aversive valence domain and relate to relevant interindividual difference variables.&lt;/p&gt;</dct:description>
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