Journal article Open Access

Measuring approach–avoidance tendencies towards food with touchscreen‑based arm movements

Meule, Adrian; Richard, Anna; Lender, Anja; Dinic, Radomir; Brockmeyer, Timo; Rinck, Mike; Blechert, Jens


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{
  "DOI": "10.1007/s00426-019-01195-1", 
  "container_title": "Psychological Research", 
  "title": "Measuring approach\u2013avoidance tendencies towards food with touchscreen\u2011based arm movements", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
      [
        2019, 
        5, 
        13
      ]
    ]
  }, 
  "abstract": "<p>Most tasks for measuring automatic approach&ndash;avoidance tendencies do not resemble naturalistic approach&ndash;avoidance behaviors.<br>\nTherefore, we developed a paradigm for the assessment of approach&ndash;avoidance tendencies towards palatable food,<br>\nwhich is based on arm and hand movements on a touchscreen, thereby mimicking real-life grasping or warding movements.<br>\nIn Study 1 (n = 85), an approach bias towards chocolate-containing foods was found when participants reached towards the<br>\nstimuli, but not when these stimuli had to be moved on the touchscreen. This approach bias towards food observed in grab<br>\nmovements was replicated in Study 2 (n = 60) and Study 3 (n = 94). Adding task features to disambiguate distance change<br>\nthrough either corresponding image zooming (Study 2) or emphasized self-reference (Study 3) did not moderate this effect.<br>\nAssociations between approach bias scores and trait and state chocolate craving were inconsistent across studies. Future<br>\nstudies need to examine whether touchscreen-based approach&ndash;avoidance tasks reveal biases towards other stimuli in the<br>\nappetitive or aversive valence domain and relate to relevant interindividual difference variables.</p>", 
  "author": [
    {
      "family": "Meule, Adrian"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Richard, Anna"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Lender, Anja"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Dinic, Radomir"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Brockmeyer, Timo"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Rinck, Mike"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Blechert, Jens"
    }
  ], 
  "page": "1-12", 
  "type": "article-journal", 
  "id": "2784022"
}
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