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"I will fast … tomorrow": Intentions to restrict eating and actual restriction in daily life and their person-level predictors

Reichenberger, Julia; Smyth, Joshua M.; Kuppens, Peter; Blechert, Jens


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<oai_dc:dc xmlns:dc="http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1/" xmlns:oai_dc="http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/oai_dc/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/oai_dc/ http://www.openarchives.org/OAI/2.0/oai_dc.xsd">
  <dc:creator>Reichenberger, Julia</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Smyth, Joshua M.</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Kuppens, Peter</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Blechert, Jens</dc:creator>
  <dc:date>2019-05-13</dc:date>
  <dc:date>info:eu-repo/date/embargoEnd/2021-05-13</dc:date>
  <dc:description>Objective. Dietary restraint is a common, yet controversial practice to tackle overweight. Yet,
despite good intentions to reduce food intake, most restraint-based diets fail to produce long term
weight loss. A better understanding of the naturalistic course of daily dieting intentions and their
effectiveness in guiding subsequent eating behavior are therefore needed.
Method. In two studies, participants (n=49 and n=59) reported both their state intention to restrict
eating on the next day, as well as their actual restriction on that day via smartphone-based
evening reports of 12 and 10 days, respectively. Intention-behavior gap scores were calculated as
differences between intention at t1 (e.g. evening intention Monday for restriction Tuesday) and
restriction at t2 (evening report of actual restraint on Tuesday). Restriction-related trait
questionnaires served as predictors of general intention or restriction level, whereas several traitlevel
disinhibiting eating style questionnaires served as predictors for intention-behavior gaps
(difference scores).
Results. Daily intentions to restrict were rated higher than the daily actual restrictive behavior.
Participants with higher scores on restriction-related questionnaires (restrained eating, dieting,
reversed intuitive eating) showed higher levels of daily state intention and restriction. Larger state
intention-behavior gaps, by contrast, were seen in participants scoring high on trait-level
disinhibiting eating styles (emotional eating, stress eating and food craving).
Discussion. The results point to potential risk factors of diet failure in everyday life: emotional,
stress eating, and food craving are disinhibiting traits that seem to increase intention-behavior
gaps. These findings can inform individualized weight-loss interventions: individuals with
disinhibiting traits might need additional guidance to avoid potentially frustrating diet failures.</dc:description>
  <dc:identifier>https://zenodo.org/record/2784000</dc:identifier>
  <dc:identifier>10.1016/j.appet.2019.04.019</dc:identifier>
  <dc:identifier>oai:zenodo.org:2784000</dc:identifier>
  <dc:relation>info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/639445/</dc:relation>
  <dc:rights>info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess</dc:rights>
  <dc:rights>http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode</dc:rights>
  <dc:source>Appetite 140 10-18</dc:source>
  <dc:subject>diet</dc:subject>
  <dc:subject>food intake</dc:subject>
  <dc:subject>dietary restraint</dc:subject>
  <dc:subject>eating styles</dc:subject>
  <dc:subject>food craving</dc:subject>
  <dc:subject>intention-behavior gap</dc:subject>
  <dc:title>"I will fast … tomorrow": Intentions to restrict eating and actual restriction in daily life and their person-level predictors</dc:title>
  <dc:type>info:eu-repo/semantics/article</dc:type>
  <dc:type>publication-article</dc:type>
</oai_dc:dc>
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