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"I will fast … tomorrow": Intentions to restrict eating and actual restriction in daily life and their person-level predictors

Reichenberger, Julia; Smyth, Joshua M.; Kuppens, Peter; Blechert, Jens


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{
  "description": "<p>Objective. Dietary restraint is a common, yet controversial practice to tackle overweight. Yet,<br>\ndespite good intentions to reduce food intake, most restraint-based diets fail to produce long term<br>\nweight loss. A better understanding of the naturalistic course of daily dieting intentions and their<br>\neffectiveness in guiding subsequent eating behavior are therefore needed.<br>\nMethod. In two studies, participants (n=49 and n=59) reported both their state intention to restrict<br>\neating on the next day, as well as their actual restriction on that day via smartphone-based<br>\nevening reports of 12 and 10 days, respectively. Intention-behavior gap scores were calculated as<br>\ndifferences between intention at t1 (e.g. evening intention Monday for restriction Tuesday) and<br>\nrestriction at t2 (evening report of actual restraint on Tuesday). Restriction-related trait<br>\nquestionnaires served as predictors of general intention or restriction level, whereas several traitlevel<br>\ndisinhibiting eating style questionnaires served as predictors for intention-behavior gaps<br>\n(difference scores).<br>\nResults. Daily intentions to restrict were rated higher than the daily actual restrictive behavior.<br>\nParticipants with higher scores on restriction-related questionnaires (restrained eating, dieting,<br>\nreversed intuitive eating) showed higher levels of daily state intention and restriction. Larger state<br>\nintention-behavior gaps, by contrast, were seen in participants scoring high on trait-level<br>\ndisinhibiting eating styles (emotional eating, stress eating and food craving).<br>\nDiscussion. The results point to potential risk factors of diet failure in everyday life: emotional,<br>\nstress eating, and food craving are disinhibiting traits that seem to increase intention-behavior<br>\ngaps. These findings can inform individualized weight-loss interventions: individuals with<br>\ndisinhibiting traits might need additional guidance to avoid potentially frustrating diet failures.</p>", 
  "license": "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "affiliation": "Paris-Lodron University of Salzburg, Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4982-410X", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Reichenberger, Julia"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Departments of Biobehavioral Health and Medicine, The Pennsylvania State University", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0904-5390", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Smyth, Joshua M."
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "KU Leuven, Belgium", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2363-2356", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Kuppens, Peter"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Paris-Lodron University of Salzburg, Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3820-109X", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Blechert, Jens"
    }
  ], 
  "headline": "\"I will fast \u2026 tomorrow\": Intentions to restrict eating and actual restriction in daily life and their person-level predictors", 
  "image": "https://zenodo.org/static/img/logos/zenodo-gradient-round.svg", 
  "datePublished": "2019-05-13", 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/2784000", 
  "keywords": [
    "diet", 
    "food intake", 
    "dietary restraint", 
    "eating styles", 
    "food craving", 
    "intention-behavior gap"
  ], 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.04.019", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.04.019", 
  "@type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
  "name": "\"I will fast \u2026 tomorrow\": Intentions to restrict eating and actual restriction in daily life and their person-level predictors"
}
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