Journal article Embargoed Access

"I will fast … tomorrow": Intentions to restrict eating and actual restriction in daily life and their person-level predictors

Reichenberger, Julia; Smyth, Joshua M.; Kuppens, Peter; Blechert, Jens


JSON Export

{
  "owners": [
    66961
  ], 
  "doi": "10.1016/j.appet.2019.04.019", 
  "stats": {
    "version_unique_downloads": 1.0, 
    "unique_views": 24.0, 
    "views": 26.0, 
    "downloads": 2.0, 
    "unique_downloads": 1.0, 
    "version_unique_views": 23.0, 
    "volume": 1171358.0, 
    "version_downloads": 2.0, 
    "version_views": 25.0, 
    "version_volume": 1171358.0
  }, 
  "links": {
    "latest_html": "https://zenodo.org/record/2784000", 
    "doi": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2019.04.019", 
    "badge": "https://zenodo.org/badge/doi/10.1016/j.appet.2019.04.019.svg", 
    "html": "https://zenodo.org/record/2784000", 
    "latest": "https://zenodo.org/api/records/2784000"
  }, 
  "created": "2019-05-13T07:38:23.961567+00:00", 
  "updated": "2019-05-13T07:38:26.277307+00:00", 
  "conceptrecid": "2783999", 
  "revision": 1, 
  "id": 2784000, 
  "metadata": {
    "access_right_category": "warning", 
    "embargo_date": "2021-05-13", 
    "doi": "10.1016/j.appet.2019.04.019", 
    "description": "<p>Objective. Dietary restraint is a common, yet controversial practice to tackle overweight. Yet,<br>\ndespite good intentions to reduce food intake, most restraint-based diets fail to produce long term<br>\nweight loss. A better understanding of the naturalistic course of daily dieting intentions and their<br>\neffectiveness in guiding subsequent eating behavior are therefore needed.<br>\nMethod. In two studies, participants (n=49 and n=59) reported both their state intention to restrict<br>\neating on the next day, as well as their actual restriction on that day via smartphone-based<br>\nevening reports of 12 and 10 days, respectively. Intention-behavior gap scores were calculated as<br>\ndifferences between intention at t1 (e.g. evening intention Monday for restriction Tuesday) and<br>\nrestriction at t2 (evening report of actual restraint on Tuesday). Restriction-related trait<br>\nquestionnaires served as predictors of general intention or restriction level, whereas several traitlevel<br>\ndisinhibiting eating style questionnaires served as predictors for intention-behavior gaps<br>\n(difference scores).<br>\nResults. Daily intentions to restrict were rated higher than the daily actual restrictive behavior.<br>\nParticipants with higher scores on restriction-related questionnaires (restrained eating, dieting,<br>\nreversed intuitive eating) showed higher levels of daily state intention and restriction. Larger state<br>\nintention-behavior gaps, by contrast, were seen in participants scoring high on trait-level<br>\ndisinhibiting eating styles (emotional eating, stress eating and food craving).<br>\nDiscussion. The results point to potential risk factors of diet failure in everyday life: emotional,<br>\nstress eating, and food craving are disinhibiting traits that seem to increase intention-behavior<br>\ngaps. These findings can inform individualized weight-loss interventions: individuals with<br>\ndisinhibiting traits might need additional guidance to avoid potentially frustrating diet failures.</p>", 
    "license": {
      "id": "CC-BY-4.0"
    }, 
    "title": "\"I will fast \u2026 tomorrow\": Intentions to restrict eating and actual restriction in daily life and their person-level predictors", 
    "journal": {
      "volume": "140", 
      "pages": "10-18", 
      "title": "Appetite"
    }, 
    "relations": {
      "version": [
        {
          "count": 1, 
          "index": 0, 
          "parent": {
            "pid_type": "recid", 
            "pid_value": "2783999"
          }, 
          "is_last": true, 
          "last_child": {
            "pid_type": "recid", 
            "pid_value": "2784000"
          }
        }
      ]
    }, 
    "grants": [
      {
        "code": "639445", 
        "links": {
          "self": "https://zenodo.org/api/grants/10.13039/501100000780::639445"
        }, 
        "title": "Transdiagnostic views on eating disorders and obesity and new approaches for treatment", 
        "acronym": "NewEat", 
        "program": "H2020", 
        "funder": {
          "doi": "10.13039/501100000780", 
          "acronyms": [
            "EC"
          ], 
          "name": "European Commission", 
          "links": {
            "self": "https://zenodo.org/api/funders/10.13039/501100000780"
          }
        }
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "diet", 
      "food intake", 
      "dietary restraint", 
      "eating styles", 
      "food craving", 
      "intention-behavior gap"
    ], 
    "publication_date": "2019-05-13", 
    "creators": [
      {
        "orcid": "0000-0003-4982-410X", 
        "affiliation": "Paris-Lodron University of Salzburg, Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience", 
        "name": "Reichenberger, Julia"
      }, 
      {
        "orcid": "0000-0002-0904-5390", 
        "affiliation": "Departments of Biobehavioral Health and Medicine, The Pennsylvania State University", 
        "name": "Smyth, Joshua M."
      }, 
      {
        "orcid": "0000-0002-2363-2356", 
        "affiliation": "KU Leuven, Belgium", 
        "name": "Kuppens, Peter"
      }, 
      {
        "orcid": "0000-0002-3820-109X", 
        "affiliation": "Paris-Lodron University of Salzburg, Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience", 
        "name": "Blechert, Jens"
      }
    ], 
    "access_right": "embargoed", 
    "resource_type": {
      "subtype": "article", 
      "type": "publication", 
      "title": "Journal article"
    }
  }
}
26
2
views
downloads
Views 26
Downloads 2
Data volume 1.2 MB
Unique views 24
Unique downloads 1

Share

Cite as