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"I will fast … tomorrow": Intentions to restrict eating and actual restriction in daily life and their person-level predictors

Reichenberger, Julia; Smyth, Joshua M.; Kuppens, Peter; Blechert, Jens


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  <identifier identifierType="URL">https://zenodo.org/record/2784000</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Reichenberger, Julia</creatorName>
      <givenName>Julia</givenName>
      <familyName>Reichenberger</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0003-4982-410X</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Paris-Lodron University of Salzburg, Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Smyth, Joshua M.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Joshua M.</givenName>
      <familyName>Smyth</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-0904-5390</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Departments of Biobehavioral Health and Medicine, The Pennsylvania State University</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Kuppens, Peter</creatorName>
      <givenName>Peter</givenName>
      <familyName>Kuppens</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-2363-2356</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>KU Leuven, Belgium</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Blechert, Jens</creatorName>
      <givenName>Jens</givenName>
      <familyName>Blechert</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-3820-109X</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Paris-Lodron University of Salzburg, Department of Psychology, Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>"I will fast … tomorrow": Intentions to restrict eating and actual restriction in daily life and their person-level predictors</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2019</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>diet</subject>
    <subject>food intake</subject>
    <subject>dietary restraint</subject>
    <subject>eating styles</subject>
    <subject>food craving</subject>
    <subject>intention-behavior gap</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Available">2021-05-13</date>
    <date dateType="Accepted">2019-05-13</date>
  </dates>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Journal article</resourceType>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/2784000</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsIdenticalTo">10.1016/j.appet.2019.04.019</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/embargoedAccess">Embargoed Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;Objective. Dietary restraint is a common, yet controversial practice to tackle overweight. Yet,&lt;br&gt;
despite good intentions to reduce food intake, most restraint-based diets fail to produce long term&lt;br&gt;
weight loss. A better understanding of the naturalistic course of daily dieting intentions and their&lt;br&gt;
effectiveness in guiding subsequent eating behavior are therefore needed.&lt;br&gt;
Method. In two studies, participants (n=49 and n=59) reported both their state intention to restrict&lt;br&gt;
eating on the next day, as well as their actual restriction on that day via smartphone-based&lt;br&gt;
evening reports of 12 and 10 days, respectively. Intention-behavior gap scores were calculated as&lt;br&gt;
differences between intention at t1 (e.g. evening intention Monday for restriction Tuesday) and&lt;br&gt;
restriction at t2 (evening report of actual restraint on Tuesday). Restriction-related trait&lt;br&gt;
questionnaires served as predictors of general intention or restriction level, whereas several traitlevel&lt;br&gt;
disinhibiting eating style questionnaires served as predictors for intention-behavior gaps&lt;br&gt;
(difference scores).&lt;br&gt;
Results. Daily intentions to restrict were rated higher than the daily actual restrictive behavior.&lt;br&gt;
Participants with higher scores on restriction-related questionnaires (restrained eating, dieting,&lt;br&gt;
reversed intuitive eating) showed higher levels of daily state intention and restriction. Larger state&lt;br&gt;
intention-behavior gaps, by contrast, were seen in participants scoring high on trait-level&lt;br&gt;
disinhibiting eating styles (emotional eating, stress eating and food craving).&lt;br&gt;
Discussion. The results point to potential risk factors of diet failure in everyday life: emotional,&lt;br&gt;
stress eating, and food craving are disinhibiting traits that seem to increase intention-behavior&lt;br&gt;
gaps. These findings can inform individualized weight-loss interventions: individuals with&lt;br&gt;
disinhibiting traits might need additional guidance to avoid potentially frustrating diet failures.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
  </descriptions>
  <fundingReferences>
    <fundingReference>
      <funderName>European Commission</funderName>
      <funderIdentifier funderIdentifierType="Crossref Funder ID">10.13039/501100000780</funderIdentifier>
      <awardNumber awardURI="info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/639445/">639445</awardNumber>
      <awardTitle>Transdiagnostic views on eating disorders and obesity and new approaches for treatment</awardTitle>
    </fundingReference>
  </fundingReferences>
</resource>
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