Journal article Embargoed Access

"I will fast … tomorrow": Intentions to restrict eating and actual restriction in daily life and their person-level predictors

Reichenberger, Julia; Smyth, Joshua M.; Kuppens, Peter; Blechert, Jens


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            <foaf:name>Departments of Biobehavioral Health and Medicine, The Pennsylvania State University</foaf:name>
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        <foaf:name>Blechert, Jens</foaf:name>
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    <dct:title>"I will fast … tomorrow": Intentions to restrict eating and actual restriction in daily life and their person-level predictors</dct:title>
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    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#gYear">2019</dct:issued>
    <dcat:keyword>diet</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>food intake</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>dietary restraint</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>eating styles</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>food craving</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>intention-behavior gap</dcat:keyword>
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        <dct:identifier rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#string">10.13039/501100000780</dct:identifier>
        <foaf:name>European Commission</foaf:name>
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    <dct:description>&lt;p&gt;Objective. Dietary restraint is a common, yet controversial practice to tackle overweight. Yet,&lt;br&gt; despite good intentions to reduce food intake, most restraint-based diets fail to produce long term&lt;br&gt; weight loss. A better understanding of the naturalistic course of daily dieting intentions and their&lt;br&gt; effectiveness in guiding subsequent eating behavior are therefore needed.&lt;br&gt; Method. In two studies, participants (n=49 and n=59) reported both their state intention to restrict&lt;br&gt; eating on the next day, as well as their actual restriction on that day via smartphone-based&lt;br&gt; evening reports of 12 and 10 days, respectively. Intention-behavior gap scores were calculated as&lt;br&gt; differences between intention at t1 (e.g. evening intention Monday for restriction Tuesday) and&lt;br&gt; restriction at t2 (evening report of actual restraint on Tuesday). Restriction-related trait&lt;br&gt; questionnaires served as predictors of general intention or restriction level, whereas several traitlevel&lt;br&gt; disinhibiting eating style questionnaires served as predictors for intention-behavior gaps&lt;br&gt; (difference scores).&lt;br&gt; Results. Daily intentions to restrict were rated higher than the daily actual restrictive behavior.&lt;br&gt; Participants with higher scores on restriction-related questionnaires (restrained eating, dieting,&lt;br&gt; reversed intuitive eating) showed higher levels of daily state intention and restriction. Larger state&lt;br&gt; intention-behavior gaps, by contrast, were seen in participants scoring high on trait-level&lt;br&gt; disinhibiting eating styles (emotional eating, stress eating and food craving).&lt;br&gt; Discussion. The results point to potential risk factors of diet failure in everyday life: emotional,&lt;br&gt; stress eating, and food craving are disinhibiting traits that seem to increase intention-behavior&lt;br&gt; gaps. These findings can inform individualized weight-loss interventions: individuals with&lt;br&gt; disinhibiting traits might need additional guidance to avoid potentially frustrating diet failures.&lt;/p&gt;</dct:description>
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    <dct:title>Transdiagnostic views on eating disorders and obesity and new approaches for treatment</dct:title>
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