Conference paper Open Access
This study investigates the data protection concerns arising in the context of the cross-border interoperability of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) systems in the European Union. The paper first introduces the policies on digital health and examines the related interoperability issues. Secondly, the work analyses the latest Recommendation of the European Commission on this topic. Then, the study discusses the rules and the obligations settled by the GDPR to be taken into account when developing interoperable EHRs. According to the data protection by design and by default provision, EHRs systems should be designed ex ante to guarantee data protection rules.