Journal article Open Access

Assessment of Deforestation Level in Some Selected Forests in Nigeria. A Case Study of Duddurun Gaya Forest Reserve, Gaya Local Government Kano State, Nigeria

Wada A. F.; Umar A.F.; Bello U.Musa; Tasi'u M.; Bilyaminu H.; Mubarak M.; Ibrahim M. I.; Abubakar A.

The study aimed to assess the level of deforestation by anthropogenic activities in Duddurun Forest Reserve, Gaya local Government of Kano state Nigeria. By using Landsat Thematic Mapper images of three-decade 1986, 1990 and 2017, geographical information system (GIS) was adopted and Normalize difference vegetation index (NDVI) was used to derive images of the study area aimed at classifying, producing maps and quantifying the vegetation changes. Information about the anthropogenic activities of the inhabitant was collected using a structured questionnaire and focus group discussing. The result indicates that the study area is massively affected with illegal cutting down of trees which account to be 22.66% and 43.08% of vegetation which affected a total size of 41.77 km2 and 93.70 km2 from the total size of the forest reserve with a total size of 184 km2. Information from the respondents reviled that; the major drivers that lead to the reduction in the forest were increased in demography, poverty, inadequate government policy and implementation, massive firewood and animal grazing. The research recommends that: Government and other agencies should introduce reforestation program to replace and regenerate the lost species in the forest reserve. Illegal cutting down of trees should be avoided and improve wood stoves should be introduced so that to reduce the level of wood consumption.

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