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SIMNORAT - Taking Marine Protected Areas into account in the context of Maritime Spatial Planning (D9)

De Magalhaes, A.; Alloncle, N.; Campillos-Llanos, M.; Cervera-Núñez, C.; Gómez-Ballesteros, M.; Marques, M.; Sousa, L.; Quintela, A.; Lopes Alves, F.


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@misc{de_magalhaes_a_2019_2597160,
  author       = {De Magalhaes, A. and
                  Alloncle, N. and
                  Campillos-Llanos, M. and
                  Cervera-Núñez, C. and
                  Gómez-Ballesteros, M. and
                  Marques, M. and
                  Sousa, L. and
                  Quintela, A. and
                  Lopes Alves, F.},
  title        = {{SIMNORAT - Taking Marine Protected Areas into 
                   account in the context of Maritime Spatial
                   Planning (D9)}},
  month        = apr,
  year         = 2019,
  note         = {{This report was produced as part of SIMNORAT 
                   Project  (Grant Agreement N0.
                   EASME/EMFF/2015/1.2.1.3/03/SI2.742089).
                   Competition for maritime space – for renewable
                   energy equipment, aquaculture and other uses – has
                   highlighted the need to manage our waters more
                   coherently. Maritime spatial planning (MSP) works
                   across borders and sectors to ensure human
                   activities at sea take place in an efficient, safe
                   and sustainable way. That is why the European
                   Parliament and the Council have adopted a
                   legislation to create a common framework for
                   maritime spatial planning in Europe. The Directive
                   2014/89/EU of the European Parliament and of the
                   Council of 23 July 2014 (said Maritime Spatial
                   Planning Directive) establishes a framework in
                   order to reduce conflicts between sectors and
                   create synergies between different activities, to
                   encourage investment – by creating predictability,
                   transparency and clearer rules, to increase cross-
                   border cooperation – between EU countries to
                   develop energy grids, shipping lanes, pipelines,
                   submarine cables and other activities, but also to
                   develop coherent networks of protected areas, and
                   to protect the environment – through early
                   identification of impact and opportunities for
                   multiple use of space.  The SIMNORAT project
                   (Supporting Implementation of Maritime Spatial
                   Planning in the Northern European Atlantic) is an
                   EU/DG Mare co-funded cross-border project. It was
                   launched on 1st of January 2017 and involves
                   Portugal, Spain and France, while these countries
                   had just designated their Competent Authorities
                   and transposed the Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP)
                   Directive. SIMNORAT aims to support the
                   implementation of the MSP Directive in the waters
                   of Portugal, Spain and France, as well as to
                   establish cross-border cooperation mechanisms
                   between these Member States, to contribute to the
                   coherence of their marine spatial plans to be
                   established in 2021.   The action ran until 31st
                   of January 2019 and was based on a partnership of
                   public bodies of the countries and one
                   international organisation. It was composed of
                   UAVR, CEDEX, IEO, AFB, CEREMA, Shom, and CPMR.
                   Shom acted as coordinator.  The objectives of the
                   SIMNORAT project were addressed through a variety
                   of activities and desktop or case studies. They
                   are dedicated to identifying the methodology
                   steps, and explore the challenges and
                   opportunities of the MSP implementation in the
                   Northern European Atlantic, including thus related
                   to transboundary issues (Ecosystem based approach,
                   marine policies, OSPAR Convention, Land Sea
                   Interactions, geographical scale of the plans,
                   data interoperability, tools to support MSP). The
                   project led to a multiplicity of outputs including
                   overviews of MSP relevant information related to
                   the countries and on more focus areas, to a number
                   of interviews and meetings where stakeholder views
                   were collected to feed the reasoning, and to
                   guidelines and good practices to be shared at a
                   national and transnational level with marine
                   stakeholders, scientific as well as planners,
                   administrations and authorities.   In addition,
                   SIMNORAT permitted a lot of progression internally
                   in the countries and regarding transboundary
                   cooperation. It led to establish and develop new
                   dialogues and to connect the technical or
                   scientific actors, the stakeholders, the
                   administrations of the countries of a same sea
                   basin, and the administrations within the
                   countries, including the representative of
                   Regions. It allowed to better understand Maritime
                   Spatial Planning mechanisms, to share knowledge
                   and as such reached to build capacities, which is
                   of importance as there is such a need in the
                   Atlantic area compared to more Northern countries.
                   The project also permitted to address topics which
                   have never been addressed before.   The
                   involvement of France and Spain in SIMNORAT and in
                   the EU-DG Mare sister projects SIMWESTMED and
                   SIMCelt was useful for them to develop a global
                   vision with their neighbours in the Western
                   Mediterranean.  At the end of this exercise, it is
                   stated the need of pursuing the work and dialogue
                   in particular through common tools, but at this
                   stage, the SIMNORAT project has constituted a
                   common knowledge and background.  Disclaimer: The
                   contents and conclusions of this report, including
                   the maps and figures were developed by the
                   participating partners with the best available
                   knowledge at the time. They do not necessarily
                   reflect the national governments' positions and
                   are not official documents, nor data. The European
                   Commission or Executive Agency for Small and
                   Medium sized Enterprises is not responsible for
                   any use that may be made of the information it
                   contains.}},
  doi          = {10.5281/zenodo.2597160},
  url          = {https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2597160}
}
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