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SIMWESTMED - Marine Protected Areas in the Western Mediterranean Region – Mediterranean database completion and analysis (R27)

Giffon, C.; Neveu, R.; Salvado, A.; Alloncle, N.

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  author       = {Giffon, C. and
                  Neveu, R. and
                  Salvado, A. and
                  Alloncle, N.},
  title        = {{SIMWESTMED - Marine Protected Areas in the Western 
                   Mediterranean Region – Mediterranean database
                   completion and analysis (R27)}},
  month        = apr,
  year         = 2019,
  note         = {{This report/document was produced as part of the 
                   SIMWESTMED Project (Grant Agreement N0.
                   EASME/EMFF/2015/  PROJECT:
                   Supporting Implementation of Maritime Spatial
                   Planning in the Western Mediterranean region
                   (SIMWESTMED)  Competition for maritime space – for
                   renewable energy equipment, aquaculture and other
                   uses – has highlighted the need to manage our
                   waters more coherently. Maritime spatial planning
                   (MSP) works across borders and sectors to ensure
                   human activities at sea take place in an
                   efficient, safe and sustainable way. That is why
                   the European Parliament and the Council have
                   adopted a legislation to create a common framework
                   for maritime spatial planning in Europe. The
                   Directive 2014/89/EU of the European Parliament
                   and of the Council of 23 July 2014 (said Maritime
                   Spatial Planning Directive) establishes a
                   framework in order to reduce conflicts between
                   sectors and create synergies between different
                   activities, to encourage investment – by creating
                   predictability, transparency and clearer rules, to
                   increase cross-border cooperation – between EU
                   countries to develop energy grids, shipping lanes,
                   pipelines, submarine cables and other activities,
                   but also to develop coherent networks of protected
                   areas, and to protect the environment – through
                   early identification of impact and opportunities
                   for multiple use of space.  SIMWESTMED project
                   (Supporting Implementation of Maritime Spatial
                   Planning in the Western Mediterranean region) is a
                   EU/DG Mare co-funded cross-border project. It was
                   launched on 1st of January 2017 and involves
                   Spain, France, Italy and Malta, while these
                   countries had just designated their Competent
                   Authorities and transposed the Maritime Spatial
                   Planning (MSP) Directive. SIMWESTMED aims to
                   support the implementation of the MSP Directive in
                   the waters of Spain, France, Italy and Malta, as
                   well as to establish cross-border cooperation
                   mechanisms between these Member States, to
                   contribute to the coherence of their marine
                   spatial plans to be established in 2021.   The
                   action ran until 31st of December 2018 and was
                   based on a partnership of public bodies of the
                   countries and two international organisations. It
                   was composed of CEDEX, IEO, AFB, CEREMA, Shom,
                   CORILA and its affiliated entities IUAV and CNR-
                   ISMAR, MIT, IMELS, PA, CPMR, UNEP-MAP and its
                   affiliated entity UNEP-MAP/PAP-RAC. Shom acted as
                   coordinator.  The objectives of SIMWESTMED project
                   were addressed through a variety of activities and
                   desktop or case studies. They are dedicated to
                   identify the methodology steps, and explore the
                   challenges and opportunities of the MSP
                   implementation in the Western Mediterranean area,
                   including thus related to transboundary issues
                   (Ecosystem based approach, marine policies,
                   Barcelona Convention, Land Sea Interactions,
                   geographical scale of the plans, data
                   interoperability, tools to support MSP). The
                   project led to a multiplicity of outputs including
                   overviews of MSP relevant information related to
                   the countries and on more focus areas, to a number
                   of interviews and meetings where stakeholder views
                   were collected to feed the reasoning, and to
                   guidelines and good practices to be shared at a
                   national and transnational level with marine
                   stakeholders, scientific as well as planners,
                   administrations and authorities.   In addition,
                   SIMWESTMED permitted a lot of progression
                   internally in the countries and regarding
                   transboundary cooperation. It led to establish and
                   develop new dialogues and to connect the technical
                   or scientific actors, the stakeholders, the
                   administrations of the countries of a same sea
                   basin, and the administrations within the
                   countries, including the representative of
                   Regions. It allowed to better understand Maritime
                   Spatial Planning mechanisms, to share knowledge
                   and as such reached to build capacities, which is
                   of importance as there is such a need in the
                   Mediterranean area compared to more North
                   countries. The project also permitted to address
                   topics which have never been before.   The
                   involvement of some countries in SIMWESTMED and in
                   the EU-DG Mare "brother" projects SUPREME,
                   SIMNORAT and SIMCelt was useful for them to
                   develop a global vision with their neighbours
                   through the East and West side of the
                   Mediterranean and in the Atlantic sea basin.  At
                   the end of this exercise, it is stated the need of
                   pursuing the work and dialogue in particular
                   through common tools, but at this stage, the
                   SIMWESTMED has constituted a common knowledge and
                   background.  Disclaimer:  The contents and
                   conclusions of this report, including the maps and
                   figures, do not imply the expression of any
                   opinion on the part of the participating partners
                   concerning the legal status of any country,
                   territory, area, city or area or of its
                   authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its
                   frontiers or boundaries. The depiction and use of
                   boundaries, geographic names and related data
                   shown on maps included in this report are not
                   warranted to be error free nor do they imply
                   official endorsement or acceptance by any of the
                   participating partners. This report is a working
                   document and may rely on data from sources
                   external to the SIMWESTMED project Consortium and,
                   in addition to this, it may contain some
                   information gaps. Neither the European Commission
                   or Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized
                   Enterprises nor UN Environment/MAP Barcelona
                   Convention Secretariat may be held responsible for
                   any use that may be made of the information
                   contained in this report.}},
  publisher    = {Zenodo},
  doi          = {10.5281/zenodo.2592299},
  url          = {}
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