Conference paper Open Access

Ancient Genomic Diversity Reveals Differences in Cultural Practices and Cultural Barriers between Prehistoric Farmers and Hunter-gatherers in Europe

Hofmanova, Zuzana; Link, Vivian; Schulz, Ilektra; Bloecher, Jens; Winkelbach, Laura; Stefanović, Sofija; Burger, Joachim; Wegmann, Daniel


DataCite XML Export

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<resource xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4" xsi:schemaLocation="http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 http://schema.datacite.org/meta/kernel-4.1/metadata.xsd">
  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.2574629</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Hofmanova, Zuzana</creatorName>
      <givenName>Zuzana</givenName>
      <familyName>Hofmanova</familyName>
      <affiliation>University of Fribourg (Switzerland</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Link, Vivian</creatorName>
      <givenName>Vivian</givenName>
      <familyName>Link</familyName>
      <affiliation>University of Fribourg (Switzerland</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Schulz, Ilektra</creatorName>
      <givenName>Ilektra</givenName>
      <familyName>Schulz</familyName>
      <affiliation>University of Fribourg (Switzerland</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Bloecher, Jens</creatorName>
      <givenName>Jens</givenName>
      <familyName>Bloecher</familyName>
      <affiliation>Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (Germany)</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Winkelbach, Laura</creatorName>
      <givenName>Laura</givenName>
      <familyName>Winkelbach</familyName>
      <affiliation>Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (Germany)</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Stefanović, Sofija</creatorName>
      <givenName>Sofija</givenName>
      <familyName>Stefanović</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0001-7434-8788</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>BioSense Institute, University of Novi Sad; Laboratory for Bioarchaeology, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Belgrade</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Burger, Joachim</creatorName>
      <givenName>Joachim</givenName>
      <familyName>Burger</familyName>
      <affiliation>Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (Germany)</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Wegmann, Daniel</creatorName>
      <givenName>Daniel</givenName>
      <familyName>Wegmann</familyName>
      <affiliation>University of Fribourg (Switzerland</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>Ancient Genomic Diversity Reveals Differences in Cultural Practices and Cultural Barriers between Prehistoric Farmers and Hunter-gatherers in Europe</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2018</publicationYear>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2018-07-11</date>
  </dates>
  <language>en</language>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Conference paper</resourceType>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/2574629</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.2574628</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf">https://zenodo.org/communities/biosense_institute</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;Humans differ from most other species in that we create our own ecological niche. Culture has thus shaped human genetic variation over millennia. While surprisingly little is known about prehistoric cultural practices, there is vested hope that patterns of ancient genetic diversity will elucidate how past societies were organized and interacted with each other. Yet such inferences remain challenging due to generally low numbers of individuals and especially the lack of population-level samples. Here we present novel samples from the region of the Danube Gorges (Balkans), located in the heart of the migration corridor through which farming was brought from Anatolia to Central Europe. Our archaeologically well-defined samples (~10000-5500 calBC) represent multiple closeby-settlements of a sedentary society before and during Neolithisation. Contrasting population-genomic and cultural affinities of our samples revealed that settlements differed strikingly in their interaction with immigrating farmers: while some exhibited strong barriers to gene flow, others incorporated multiple individuals of genetic ancestry common to Aegean farmers. To elucidate important aspects of social practices before, during and after this demographic shift, we accurately inferred within and between individual genetic diversity of our population sample by sequencing either whole genomes or many putatively neutral regions, and by using novel methods that account for post-mortem damage and the heterochronous nature of our reference panel. Notably, we found a lower within-individual diversity as well as a lower X to autosomes diversity in hunter-gatherers than farmers prior to their contact, consistent with an elevated population size and stronger patrilocality in farmers.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
  </descriptions>
  <fundingReferences>
    <fundingReference>
      <funderName>European Commission</funderName>
      <funderIdentifier funderIdentifierType="Crossref Funder ID">10.13039/501100000780</funderIdentifier>
      <awardNumber awardURI="info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/640557/">640557</awardNumber>
      <awardTitle>Births, mothers and babies: prehistoric fertility in the Balkans between 10000 – 5000 BC</awardTitle>
    </fundingReference>
  </fundingReferences>
</resource>
58
24
views
downloads
All versions This version
Views 5858
Downloads 2424
Data volume 28.8 MB28.8 MB
Unique views 5858
Unique downloads 2323

Share

Cite as