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Time reference in English indirect speech

Leufkens, Sterre


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  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.2566339</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Leufkens, Sterre</creatorName>
      <givenName>Sterre</givenName>
      <familyName>Leufkens</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="http://orcid.org/">0000-0002-2251-1309</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Utrecht University</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>Time reference in English indirect speech</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2013</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>tense</subject>
    <subject>sequence of tenses</subject>
    <subject>Functional Discourse Grammar</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2013-09-01</date>
  </dates>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Book section</resourceType>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/2566339</alternateIdentifier>
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    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsPartOf">10.1075/slcs.137</relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.2566338</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;When a quotation is syntactically embedded in English, there are repercussions for temporal reference: absolute referential elements have to shift to the new deictic centre. Absolute adverbials must be adapted, dropped or replaced by relative elements. Tense undergoes&amp;nbsp;so-called sequence of tenses (tense copying): a past tense main clause requires backshifting of the embedded tense. The chapter discusses Comrie&amp;#39;s (1986) analysis of this phenomenon and examines exceptions. It discusses criticism by Declerck (1988) and goes on to show how Functional Discourse Grammar (Hengeveld &amp;amp; Mackenzie 2008) elegantly explains the data: tense copying, triggered by a Reportativity operator at the Interpersonal Level, is accounted for by operator copying at the Morphosyntactic Level, restricted by information from the Representational Level.&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;</description>
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