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Time reference in English indirect speech

Leufkens, Sterre

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  "publisher": "John Benjamins Publishing Company", 
  "DOI": "10.5281/zenodo.2566339", 
  "ISBN": "9789027206046", 
  "container_title": "Casebook in Functional Discourse Grammar", 
  "title": "Time reference in English indirect speech", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
  "abstract": "<p>When a quotation is syntactically embedded in English, there are repercussions for temporal reference: absolute referential elements have to shift to the new deictic centre. Absolute adverbials must be adapted, dropped or replaced by relative elements. Tense undergoes&nbsp;so-called sequence of tenses (tense copying): a past tense main clause requires backshifting of the embedded tense. The chapter discusses Comrie&#39;s (1986) analysis of this phenomenon and examines exceptions. It discusses criticism by Declerck (1988) and goes on to show how Functional Discourse Grammar (Hengeveld &amp; Mackenzie 2008) elegantly explains the data: tense copying, triggered by a Reportativity operator at the Interpersonal Level, is accounted for by operator copying at the Morphosyntactic Level, restricted by information from the Representational Level.&nbsp;</p>", 
  "author": [
      "family": "Leufkens, Sterre"
  "page": "189-212", 
  "type": "chapter", 
  "id": "2566339"
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