Conference paper Open Access

Visualizing Law - A Norm-Graph Visualization Approach based on Semantic Legal Data

Burkhardt, Dirk; Nazemi, Kawa

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      "title": "Proceedings of the International Conference of the Virtual and Augmented Reality in Education"
    "doi": "10.5281/zenodo.2543729", 
    "description": "<p>Laws or in general legal documents regulate a wide range of our daily life and also define the borders of business models and commercial services. However, legal text and laws are almost hard to understand. From other domains it is already known that visualizations can help understanding complex aspects easier. In fact, in this paper we introduce a new approach to visualize legal texts in a Norm-graph visualization. In the developed Norm-graph visualization it is possible to show major aspects of laws and make it easier for users to understand it. The Norm-graph is based on semantic legal data, a so called Legal-Concept-Ontology.</p>", 
    "language": "eng", 
    "title": "Visualizing Law - A Norm-Graph Visualization Approach based on Semantic Legal Data", 
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      "id": "CC-BY-4.0"
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    "references": [
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      "Burkhardt D., Nazemi K., Sonntagbauer P., Sonntagbauer S., Kohlhammer J., 2013. Interactive Visualizations in the Process of Policy Modeling. In Joint Proceedings of Ongoing Research of IFIP EGOV and IFIP ePart 2013. K\u00f6llen, Bonn, pp. 104-115.", 
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      "LexisNexis, 2013. (last accessed: 11/07/2013)", 
      "Nazemi K., Steiger M., Burkhardt D., & Kohlhammer J., 2014. Information Visualization and Policy Modeling. In Handbook of Research on Advanced ICT Integration for Governance and Policy Modeling. Hershey, PA: IGI Global, pp. 175-215.", 
      "Nazemi K., Burkhardt D., Breyer M., Stab C., Fellner D.W., 2010. Semantic Visualization Cockpit: Adaptable Composition of Semantics- Visualization Techniques for Knowledge- Exploration. In Iternational Conference Interactive Computer Aided Learning (ICL), pp.163-173.", 
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      "Seth J. C., Parish J. R., 2007. Visualizing Legal Rules: A Homicide Case, Wolfram Demonstrations Project: galRulesAHomicideCase/."
    "keywords": [
      "Law Visualization", 
      "Decision  Support Systems", 
      "Policy Modeling", 
      "Information Visualization", 
      "Semantic Web", 
      "Semantic Data"
    "publication_date": "2018-09-17", 
    "creators": [
        "orcid": "0000-0002-6507-7899", 
        "affiliation": "Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences", 
        "name": "Burkhardt, Dirk"
        "orcid": "0000-0002-2907-2740", 
        "affiliation": "Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences", 
        "name": "Nazemi, Kawa"
    "meeting": {
      "acronym": "VARE2018", 
      "url": "", 
      "dates": "17-19 September 2018", 
      "place": "Budapest, Hungary", 
      "title": "The 4th International Conference of the Virtual and Augmented Reality in Education"
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      "title": "Conference paper"
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