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Degradation processes in the Lankaran Lowland soils of Azerbaijan Republic

Gasimov L.

The article presents an analysis of archival materials and their own research to assess the intensive development of soil degradation of the Lenkoran lowland of the Republic of Azerbaijan as a result of the influence of climatic and anthropogenic factors. The degradation processes of one soil-plant nomenclature of taxa to another are revealed. This is due to increased anthropogenic influences and climate warming processes. In the northern half of the subarea under study, yellow earth soils were deformed to yellow earth meadow soils. In the upper layers of the profile of yellow–gley and yellow–podzolized soils, a process of carbonization was observed and, as a result, the reaction of the medium, of soil solutions of weak acidity was replaced with slightly alkaline. A marked decrease in the content of humus in the arable layer was observed on all soils in this subarea. In the soil cover of the southern subdistrict, there were no noticeable deformations in the morphogenetic, geological, typological, and ameliorative terms associated with changes in climatic conditions.

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