Figure Open Access
Map of the Manding language continuum with approximate zones of major spoken varieties (Mandinka, Maninka, Bamanan and Jula) and shading of general areas where Manding functions as a lingua franca.
Adapted from data of the following:
Vydrin, Valentin, T.G. Bergman, and Matthew Benjamin. 2001. “Mandé Language Family of West Africa: Location and Genetic Classification.” SIL International 2000 (003). SIL Electronic Survey Reports (April 1). http://www.sil.org/silesr/2000/2000-003/Manding/Manding.htm.