Journal article Open Access

ANAESTHESIA-THE PRIME IMPORTANCE OF SURGERY & FASTING REQUIREMENTS REVIEW

Dr. Mehraj Unnisa

Anesthesia is temporarily induced loss of sensation. It includes -analgesia(loss of pain), amnesia(loss of memory),unconsciousness (reversible loss of consciousness that is coma not sleep), paralysis(muscle relaxation).Anesthesia is given to control pain during surgery by medicines called ANESTHETICS which may have all or few of the properties mentioned above based on the type of anesthesia. Different end points for different anesthesia. This review encompasses a complete understanding of anesthesia, its types, pre anesthetic checkup, preoperative fasting, anesthesia administration, and the risk associated. CONCLUSION: Realizing the importance of anesthesia, and to reduce the risk associated with is important. With the complete understanding of pre-anesthetic checkup helps the patients to provide complete & correct information which helps the anesthesiologist to formulate effective anesthetic plan. Understanding of preoperative fasting the risk of aspiration pneumonia which is a life threatening condition can be minimized and excessive fasting which leads to dehydration, electrolyte abnormalities, hypoglycaemia (particularly in children), insulin resistance, headaches, confusion, irritability, anxiety and nausea and vomiting can be reduced. With complete understanding Health care professionals can corporate with patients & the anesthesiologist to formulate effective anesthetic plan for better therapeutic outcome.

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