Journal article Open Access

Fractality of global primary school dropout rates

Bulaybulay, Ramie Jr. L.

The significant number of dropouts of children from their primary education has directly contributed to a country’s high percentage of illiteracy and the huge wastage of government funds. The present study looks into the prevalent causative factors of the dropout rates in the primary school education among nations. The method of fractal analysis helped probe deeper the exceptional cases that are still prevalent in some countries all over the world which serve as drivers of dropout rates in the primary level of education. Out of the 152 countries included in this study, at least seven of them cause its non-fractality. These countries that cause non-fractality indicate common and exceptional contributing factors in the primary education dropout rate phenomenon in the world. The use of fractal dimensions in investigating global primary school dropout rates showed that aside from the perennial factors that cause high dropout rates in the primary education level among countries i.e. economic, other prevalent causative factors come into play such as educational system, social status and social climate which nations all over the world must address if they are indeed serious to their commitment to the MDG on education. This fractality has showed that a significant number of dropout rates of children from their primary education have directly contributed to a country’s high percentage of illiteracy and the huge wastage of government funds.

Files (1.1 MB)
Name Size
144-Article Text-231-1-10-20181214.pdf
md5:8b27659fd890f8e03a27402441c58673
1.1 MB Download
  • Batware, B. (2012). Rwandan Ethnic Conflicts: A historical look at Root Causes. Retrieved from https://acuns.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/RwandanConflictRootCauses.pdf

  • Glick, P. & Sahn, D. (2005). The Demand for Primary Schooling in Madagascar: Price, Quality and the Choice Between Public and Private Providers. Cornell University. Retrieved from http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download;jsessionid=7CEB9AF3758335C002A39FDF5F28E9EB?doi=10.1.1.589.2880&rep=rep1&type=pdf

  • Jarousse, J. P. (2009). Universal Primary Education in Africa: The Teacher Challenge. Senegal, Dakar: BREDA

  • Mingat, A. (2004). La rémunération/lestatut des enseignants dans la perspectivede l'atteinte des objectifs du millénaire dansles pays d'Afrique subsahariennefrancophone en 2015. Washington, DC: World Bank.

  • Padua, R. N., & Borres, M. S. (2013). From Fractal Geometry to Fractal Statistics. Recoletos Multidisciplinary Journal of Research, 1 (1).

  • Padua, R. N., Palompon, D. R., & Ontoy, D. S. (2012). Data Roughness and Fractal Statistics. CNU Journal of Higher education, (6)1, 87-100.

  • Sabates, R., Sabates, R., Westbrook, J., Akyeampong, K., & Hunt, F. (2010). School drop-out: Patterns, causes, changes and policies. Education for All Global Monitoring Report.

  • Shemyakina, O. (2006). The effect of armed conflict on accumulation of schooling: Results from Tajikistan. HiCN Working Paper 12. Falmer: University of Sussex.

  • UNESCO (2011). The quantitative impact of conflict on education. UNSECO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.protectingeducation.org/sites/default/files/documents/unesco _the_quantitative_impact_of_conflict_on_education.pdf

  • UNESCO. (1984). The Drop-out Problem in Primary Education: Some Case Studies. Unesco Regional Office for Education in Asia and the Pacific.

  • UNICEF (2005). Child poverty in rich countries, 2005. Innocenti Report Card 6. Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.

  • UNICEF (2013). Child poverty in perspective: An overview of child well-being in rich countries. Innocenti Report Card 11. Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre.

  • Veras, O. (2016, October 1). Brief on the education sector across Africa. African Business.com. Retrieved from http://africabusiness.com/2016/10/01/brief-on-the-education-sector-across-africa/

  • Watkins, K. (2013). Too little access, not enough learning: Africa's twin deficit in education. This is Africa Special Report, Access+: Towards a post-MDG development agenda on education. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/opinions/too-little-access-not-enough-learning-africas-twin-deficit-in-education/

12
8
views
downloads
All versions This version
Views 1212
Downloads 88
Data volume 8.9 MB8.9 MB
Unique views 1111
Unique downloads 88

Share

Cite as