Journal article Open Access
The aim of this study was to explore older people’s understanding of elderly abuse; the reasons for such act and the impact on their feelings and physical well-being. A total of 18 elderly persons (13 females and 5 males) were purposively selected and have participated in the discussion. There were two mixed groups of both males and females. The first group consisted of 6 females and 3 males. Participants were between the age of 65 and 72. The second group consisted of 7 females and 2 males. The main data source consisted of in-depth interviews through focus group discussions and one-on-one interview with the investigator and informants as co-participants. The study confirms the theoretical statement that perceptions on the abuses experienced by the elderly are basically governed by their respective sociocultural experiences from their younger years. Majority of the participants defined and categorized elderly abuse based on identified experiences and grounded on their cultural background. What is classified as elderly abuse for some may not hold true for others. The belief of the majority is that abuse is composed of any action that diminishes the respect and dignity duly given to an elderly person. Consequently, the study validates one of the assertions of the Elderly Caregiver Attachment Theory that elderly may experience different types and degree of abuse depending on their perceptions on elderly abuse, living condition, level of powerlessness, and dependence.
Acierno, R., Hernandez, M. A., Amstadter, A. B., Resnick, H. S., Steve, K., Muzzy, W., & Kilpatrick, D. G. (2010). Prevalence and correlates of emotional, physical, sexual, and financial abuse and potential neglect in the United States: The National Elder Mistreatment Study. American Journal of Public Health, 100(2), 292-297
American Psychological Association (2011). Elder Abuse & Neglect: In Search of Solutions. Retrieved September 3, 2011 from http://www.apa.org/pi/aging/resources/guides/elder-abuse.aspx
Bauer, M. W., & Gaskell, G. (Eds.). (2000). Qualitative researching with text, image and sound: A practical handbook for social research. USA: Sage.
Berg, A., Erlingsson, C., & Saveman, B. I. (2001). Global response against elder abuse (Report from Sweden). Retrived from World Healt Organization website: http://www.who.int/ageing/projects/elder_abuse/alc_ea_swe.pdf
Boldy D, Horner B, Crouchley K, & Davey M. (2005). Addressing elder abuse: Western Australian case study. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 24(1),3–8.
Brownell P, & Heiser D. (2006). Psycho-educational support groups for older women victims of family mistreatment: A pilot study. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 46(3/4), 145–160.
Burnard, P. (1995). Interpreting Text: An Alternative to some current forms of Textual Analysis in Qualitative Research. Social Sciences, 1(4), 236-245
Chokkanathan S, & Lee A. E. (2005). Elder mistreatment in urban India: A community based study. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 17(2),45–61.
Cupitt, M. (1997). Identifyng and Addressing the Issues of Elder Abuse: A Rural Perspectives. Journal of Elder Abuse, 8(4), 21-30
Dale, M. C., Burns, A., Panter, L., & Morris, J. (2001). Factors affecting survival of elderly nursing home residents. International journal of geriatric psychiatry, 16(1), 70-76.
Daly J. M., & Jogerst G. J. (2001). Statute definitions of elder abuse. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 13(4), 39–57.
Daly J. M., & Jogerst, G. J. (2005). Association of knowledge of adult protective services legislation with rates of reporting of abuse in Iowa nursing homes. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 6(2), 113–120.
Desy P. M., & Prohaska T. R. (2008). The geriatric emergency nursing education (GENE) course: An evaluation. Journal of Emergency Nursing, 34(5), 396–402.
Dowd, J. (1975). Aging as Exchange: A Preface to Theory. Journal of Gerontology, 30(5), 584-594
Dowd, J. J. (1980). Exchange rates and old people. Journal of Gerontology, 35(4), 596-602.
Golding, J. M., Yozwiak, J. A., Kinstle, T. L., & Marsil, D. F. (2005). The effect of gender in the perception of elder physical abuse in court. Law and Human Behavior, 29(5), 605–614.
Gormally, L. (1998). Human Dignity and Respect for the Elderly. Broadway, Englewood: CAN
Guruge, S., Tiwari, A., & Lucea, M. B. (2010). International perspectives on family violence. New York, NY, USA: Springer
Hamilton, H. (2003). The Confusion Matrix. Retrieved August 20, 2012 from http.//www2.cs.uregina.ca/Hamilton/courses/831/notes/confusion/matrix.html
Hong Kong Christian Service (2004). Elderly Abuse. Retrieved from https://www.swd.gov.hk/doc/family/eld_abuse_rep.pdf
Hsieh, H. F., Wang, J. J., Yen, M., & Liu, T. T. (2008). Educational support group in changing caregivers' psychological elder abuse behavior toward caring for institutionalized elders. Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice. 14(3), 377–386.
Jogerst, G. J., Daly, J. M., Brinig, M. F., Dawson, J. D., Schmuch, G. A. & Ingram, J. G. (2003). Domestic elder abuse and the law. American Journal of Public Health, 93(12), 2131–2136.
Jogerst, G. J., Daly, J. M., Dawson, J. D., Peek-Asa, C., & Schmuch, G. (2006). Iowa nursing home characteristics associated with reported abuse. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 7(4), 203–207.
Kemp, B. J., & Mosqueda, L. A. (2005). Elder financial abuse: An evaluation framework and supporting evidence. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 53(7), 1123-1127.
Kosberg, J. I., Lowenstein, A., Garcia, J. L., & Biggs, S. (2003). Study of elder abuse within diverse cultures. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 15(3-4), 71-89.
Laumann, E. O., Leitsch, S. A., & Waite, L. J.(2008). Elder mistreatment in the United States: Prevalence estimates from a nationally representative study. The Journals of Gerontology Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. 63(4), S248–S254.
Leedahl, S. N., & Ferraro, F. R.(2007). Why is elder abuse overlooked? Media and ageism. Psychology and Education, 44(1), 1–9.
Manthorpe, J., Biggs, S., McCreadie, C., Tinker, A., Hills, A., O'Keefe, M., Doyle, M., Constantine, R., Scholes, S., & Erens, B. (2007). The UK national study of abuse and neglect among older people. Nursing Older People, 19(8), 24–26.
Martins, E. A., & Haddad, M. C. (2000). Validação de um instrumento que classifica os pacientes em quatro graus de dependência do cuidado de enfermagem. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem, 8(2), 74-82.
National Center on Elder Abuse, (1998). The National Elder Abuse Incidence Study. Washington, DC. America Public Health Services
Nusbaum, N. J., Mistretta, M., & Wegner, J. (2007). An educational intervention for police and firefighters for elders at risk: Limits of education alone as a strategy for behavior change. Educational Gerontology, 33(10), 801– 809.
Nye, F. I. (1979). Choice, exchange, and the family. In W. R. Burr, R. Hill, F. I. Nye, & I. L. Reiss (Eds.), Contemporary theories about the family (pp. 1–41). New York: Free Press.
Oh, J., Kim, H. S., Martins, D., & Kim. H. (2006). A study of elder abuse in Korea. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 43(2), 203–214
Pathman, D. E., Viera, A. J., & Newton, W. P. (2008). Research published in 2003 by U.S. family medicine authors. Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, 21(1), 6–16.
Perroca, M. G., & Gaidzinski. R. R. (1998). Sistema de classificação de pacientes: construção e validação de um instrumento. Rev Esc Enferm USP, 32(2), 153-68.
Phua, D. H., Ng, T., & Seow, E. (2008). Epidemiology of suspected elderly mistreatment in Singapore. Singapore Medical Journal, 49(1), 765–773.
Polit, D. & Hungler, B. (1999). Nursing Research: Principles and Methods. 6th edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott
Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2004). Nursing research: Principles and methods. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Reay, A. M. C., Browne, K.D. (2002). The effectiveness of psychological interventions with individuals who physically abuse or neglect their elderly dependents. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 17(4), 416–431.
Richardson, B., Kitchen, G., & Livingston, G. (2004). What staff know about elder abuse in dementia and the effect of training. Dementia, 3(3), 377–384.
Richardson, B., Kitchen, G., Livingston, G. (2002). The effect of education on knowledge and management of elder abuse: a randomized controlled trial. Age & Ageing, 31(5), 335–341.
Rocha, P. K. (2008). Construção e validação de um instrumento para avaliação de modelos de cuidado de enfermagem. Florianópolis: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina.
Singh, A. D. & Nizamie, S. H. (2003). Health and Aging. Mental Health Reviews. Retrieved August 12, 2012 from http://www.psyplexus.com/exc/death.html.
Vasquez, B. A. (2014). Development of choice preference theory in research. Journal of Research, 8(1), 47-62
Vasquez, B. A. (2014). Philosophical bases of research methods: An integrated narrative review. Journal of Research, 8(1), 1-22
Vituri, D. W., & Matsuda, L. M. (2009). Validação de conteúdo de indicadores de qualidade para avaliação do cuidado de enfermagem. Rev Esc Enferm USP, 43(2), 429-437.
Walker, L. E. (1983). The battered woman syndrome study. In D. Finkelhor, R. J. Gelles, G. T. Hotaling, & M. A. Straus (Eds.), The dark side of families: Current family violence research (pp. 31–48). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Welch, T. (2010) Get the facts About Senior Abuse in Elder Care Institutions. Retrieved November 5, 2011 from com/get-the-facts-about-senior-abuse-in-the-care-Institutions-a287475.
White, G. R., Mirza-Babaei, P., McAllister, G., & Good, J. (2011). Weak Inter-rater reliability in heuristic evaluation Of video games. Retrieved August 20 2012 from dl.acm.org./citation Cfm.id.1979788
World Health Organization. (2014). Global status report on violence prevention 2014. Geneva, Switzerland: WHO Press.