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O romance proletário Cacau: produção literária de Jorge Amado nos moldes do realismo socialista da URSS - Jorge Amado and the proletarian novel Cacau: historiography production and literary criticism

Santana, Geferson

O presente artigo tem o objetivo de analisar o caráter proletário do romance “Cacau” (1933), escrito por Jorge Amado, vinculado ao Partido Comunista do Brasil (PCB) desde 1932. A obra em questão foi escrita dentro dos moldes do realismo socialista, modelo estético adotado pela União das Repúblicas socialistas Soviéticas (URSS) e pelos artistas e escritores filiados aos PCs (Partidos Comunistas) dos demais países. Nossa proposta de análise baseia-se na relevância desse segundo romance da obra amadiana para o campo de estudos da postura político-ideológica do autor que, ao mesmo tempo, tem vinculação com as diretrizes do movimento comunista internacional. Para alcançar nosso objetivo, primamos pela leitura da produção historiográfica e fortuna crítica que foram construídas em torno do romance, assim como pela análise dos elementos estéticos deste.

Abstract: This article purposes to analyze the proletarian character of the novel "Cacau" (1933), written by Jorge Amado, who was linked to the Communist Party of Brazil (PCB) since 1932. The book in question was written in the mold of socialist realism, which was the aesthetic model adopted by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and artists and writers affiliated to the Communist Parties around the world. Our proposal of analysis is based on the relevance of this second novel for the studies of the artistic-literary production of the Brazilian left intellectuals in the XX century. The book evidences the author's political-ideological stance, which, at the same time, it is linked to the guidelines of the international communist movement. To reach our goal, we focus on reading historiographical production and critical fortune (national and international critics) that were built around the novel, as well as for the analysis of the aesthetic elements of it.

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