Journal article Open Access

Relationship between personality disorders and headaches using personality inventory disorders for DSM-5

Lozovanu, Svetlana; Moldovanu, Ion; Vovc, Victor; Romaniuc, Iuliana; Besleaga, Tudor; Ganenco, Andrei


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    <subfield code="u">Department of Headache and Autonomic Disorders, Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Chisinau, the Republic of Moldova</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Nicolae Testemitsanu State University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Chisinau, the Republic of Moldova</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Nicolae Testemitsanu State University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Chisinau, the Republic of Moldova</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Nicolae Testemitsanu State University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Chisinau, the Republic of Moldova</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Lozovanu, Svetlana</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Background:&lt;/strong&gt; Studies on the specificity of migraine headache in patients with personality disorders are multiple. Results are often contradictory, which&amp;nbsp;may be explained by psychological, socio-cultural, economic and purely individual differences of subjects.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Material and methods: &lt;/strong&gt;128 patients from the Department of Headache and Autonomic Disorders of the Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery&amp;nbsp;(Chisinau, the Republic of Moldova) were evaluated in this study, in 2 stages: psychometric testing using Personality Inventory Disorders (PID-5) for&amp;nbsp;DSM-5 in the 1st stage and data collection, headache intensity assessment and Headache Questionnaire in the 2nd stage.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Results: &lt;/strong&gt;The results of psychometric test allowed to separate the examined subjects into 3 groups according to numeric values of facets of PID-5: group&amp;nbsp;I &amp;ndash; Normal (0-1), group II &amp;ndash; Accentuated Personality (1 &amp;ndash; 1.66), group III &amp;ndash; Personality Disorder (&amp;gt;1.66), and these results were correlated with intensity&amp;nbsp;and frequency of headache. The analysis of 25 facets of PID-5, which are included in 5 domains of higher order: Negative Affection, Antagonism,&amp;nbsp;Disinhibition, Detachment and Psychoticism, divided the domains into 3 groups: Internalization, Externalization and Psychoticism. These values were&amp;nbsp;correlated again with intensity and frequency of headache.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Conclusions:&lt;/strong&gt; Female gender has a higher introversion tendency than males, introversion and neurosis is more common among women with migraine;&amp;nbsp;the onset of personality disorders occurs during early youth.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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