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10 Simple rules for design, provision, and reuse of persistent identifiers for life science data

McMurry, Julie; Blomberg, Niklas; Burdett, Tony; Conte, Nathalie; Dumontier, Michel; Fellows, Donal K; Gonzalez-Beltran, Alejandra; Gormanns, Philipp; Hastings, Janna; Haendel, Melissa A; Hermjakob, Henning; Hériché, Jean-Karim; Ison, Jon C; Jimenez, Rafael C; Jupp, Simon; Juty, Nick; Laibe, Camille; Le Novère, Nicolas; Malone, James; Martin, Maria J; McEntyre, Johanna R; Morris, Chris; Muilu, Juha; Müller, Wolfgang; Mungall, Christopher J; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Sansone, Susanna-Assunta; Sariyar, Murat; Snoep, Jacky L; Stanford, Natalie J; Swainston, Neil; Washington, Nicole; Williams, Alan R; Wolstencroft, Katherine; Goble, Carole; Parkinson, Helen


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    "description": "<p>In the life sciences, problems with identifiers impede the flow and integrity of information. This is especially challenging within &ldquo;synthesis research&rdquo; disciplines such as systems biology, translational medicine, and ecology. Implementation-driven initiatives such as ELIXIR, BD2K, and others have therefore been actively working to understand and address underlying problems with identifiers.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Good, global-scale, persistent identifier design is harder than it appears, and is essential for data to be Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable (Data FAIRport principles). Here, we build on emerging conventions and existing general recommendations &nbsp;and summarise the identifier characteristics most important to optimising the utility of life-science data. We propose actions to take in the identifier &lsquo;green field&rsquo; and offer guidance for using real-world identifiers from diverse sources.</p>", 
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    "title": "10 Simple rules for design, provision, and reuse of persistent identifiers for life science data", 
    "notes": "ORCIDs corresponding to the authors are:\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-9353-5498\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0003-4155-5910\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-2513-5396\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-1010-3121\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0003-4727-9435\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-9091-5938\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0003-3499-8262\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0001-9823-1621\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-3469-4923\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0001-9114-8737\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0001-8479-0262\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0001-6867-9425\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0001-6666-1520\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0001-5404-7670\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-0643-3144\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-2036-8350\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-4625-743X\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-6309-7327\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-1615-2899\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0001-5454-2815\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-1611-6935\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-9533-5684\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-1034-5171\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-4980-3512\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-6601-2165\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0001-9853-5668\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0001-5306-5690\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-5595-689X\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-0405-8854\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0003-4958-0184\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0001-7020-1236\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0001-8936-9143\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0003-3156-2105\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-1279-5133\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0003-1219-2137\nhttp://orcid.org/0000-0003-3035-4195", 
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        "title": "Building data bridges between biological and medical infrastructures in Europe", 
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    "keywords": [
      "Identifiers", 
      "Identifier design", 
      "Reproducibility", 
      "e-Science", 
      "Big data", 
      "Accessions", 
      "Databases", 
      "Interoperability", 
      "Synthesis research", 
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    "publication_date": "2015-05-26", 
    "creators": [
      {
        "affiliation": "European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "McMurry, Julie"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "ELIXIR Hub, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Blomberg, Niklas"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Burdett, Tony"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Conte, Nathalie"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Center for Biomedical Informatics Research, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA", 
        "name": "Dumontier, Michel"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "School of Computer Science, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Fellows, Donal K"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Oxford e-Research Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Gonzalez-Beltran, Alejandra"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Institute of Experimental Genetics, Helmholtz Centre Munich -German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Neuherberg, Germany ", 
        "name": "Gormanns, Philipp"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Hastings, Janna"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Medical Informatics and Epidemiology and OHSU Library, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, USA.", 
        "name": "Haendel, Melissa A"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Hermjakob, Henning"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany", 
        "name": "H\u00e9rich\u00e9, Jean-Karim"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Center for Biological Sequence Analysis, Department of Systems Biology, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark", 
        "name": "Ison, Jon C"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "ELIXIR Hub, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Jimenez, Rafael C"
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      {
        "affiliation": "European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Jupp, Simon"
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        "affiliation": "European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Juty, Nick"
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        "affiliation": "European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Laibe, Camille"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom | Babraham Institute, Cambridge, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Le Nov\u00e8re, Nicolas"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Malone, James"
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        "affiliation": "European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Martin, Maria J"
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        "affiliation": "European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "McEntyre, Johanna R"
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      {
        "affiliation": "STFC, Daresbury Laboratory, Warrington, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Morris, Chris"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Genomics Coordination Center, Department of Genetics, University Medical Center Groningen and Groningen Bioinformatics Center, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands", 
        "name": "Muilu, Juha"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "SDBV, HITS, Heidelberg, Germany", 
        "name": "M\u00fcller, Wolfgang"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Genomics Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
        "name": "Mungall, Christopher J"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Oxford e-Research Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Rocca-Serra, Philippe"
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        "affiliation": "Oxford e-Research Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Sansone, Susanna-Assunta"
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        "affiliation": "MIB, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK | Department of Biochemistry, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa", 
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        "affiliation": "School of Computer Science, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom", 
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        "affiliation": "Manchester Centre for Synthetic Biology of Fine and Speciality Chemicals (SYNBIOCHEM), University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.", 
        "name": "Swainston, Neil"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Genomics Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA", 
        "name": "Washington, Nicole"
      }, 
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        "affiliation": "School of Computer Science, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Williams, Alan R"
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        "affiliation": "Leiden Institute of Advanced Computer Science, Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands", 
        "name": "Wolstencroft, Katherine"
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        "affiliation": "School of Computer Science, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom", 
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        "affiliation": "European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom", 
        "name": "Parkinson, Helen"
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