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Das Dionysische bei Hölderlin. Die kommende Gemeinschaft zwischen Humanität und Natur

Sánchez Madrid, Nuria

My paper aims at casting light on the evolution of Hölderlin’s appraisal of revolution as a key point in human history and in anthropological knowledge. First I shall take into account the ambivalent figure that gods show in Hölderlin’s poetry, which draws to consider the sinister feature of the sacred and its influence on human reflection and action. Second I will attempt to recognize some causes leading the poet to consider revolution as an impossible task, which should better be replaced by the acceptance of the own culture and social contradictions. Finally I will argue for the contemporaneity of Hölderlin’s assessment of a divinity as Dyonisos, traditionally connected with social and political revolution, which makes Occident renew its admiration before the classical aftermath, but also enhances to build up an autonomous future, based on the idea of the free republic, not the one of a no more available polis.

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