Preprint Open Access

SCONE: Secure Linux Containers with Intel SGX

Arnautov, Sergei; Trach, Bohdan; Gregor, Franz; Knauth, Thomas; Martin, Andrè; Priebe, Christian; Muthukumaran, Divya; O'Keeffe, Dan; Stillwell, Mark; Goltzsche, David; Eyers, David; Kapitza, Rüdiger; Pietzuch, Peter; Fetzer, Christof


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  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.163059</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Arnautov, Sergei</creatorName>
      <givenName>Sergei</givenName>
      <familyName>Arnautov</familyName>
      <affiliation>TU Dresden</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Trach, Bohdan</creatorName>
      <givenName>Bohdan</givenName>
      <familyName>Trach</familyName>
      <affiliation>TU Dresden</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Gregor, Franz</creatorName>
      <givenName>Franz</givenName>
      <familyName>Gregor</familyName>
      <affiliation>TU Dresden</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Knauth, Thomas</creatorName>
      <givenName>Thomas</givenName>
      <familyName>Knauth</familyName>
      <affiliation>TU Dresden</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Martin, Andrè</creatorName>
      <givenName>Andrè</givenName>
      <familyName>Martin</familyName>
      <affiliation>TU Dresden</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Priebe, Christian</creatorName>
      <givenName>Christian</givenName>
      <familyName>Priebe</familyName>
      <affiliation>Imperial College London</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Muthukumaran, Divya</creatorName>
      <givenName>Divya</givenName>
      <familyName>Muthukumaran</familyName>
      <affiliation>Imperial College London</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>O'Keeffe, Dan</creatorName>
      <givenName>Dan</givenName>
      <familyName>O'Keeffe</familyName>
      <affiliation>Imperial College London</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Stillwell, Mark</creatorName>
      <givenName>Mark</givenName>
      <familyName>Stillwell</familyName>
      <affiliation>Imperial College London</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Goltzsche, David</creatorName>
      <givenName>David</givenName>
      <familyName>Goltzsche</familyName>
      <affiliation>TU Braunschweig</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Eyers, David</creatorName>
      <givenName>David</givenName>
      <familyName>Eyers</familyName>
      <affiliation>University of Otago</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Kapitza, Rüdiger</creatorName>
      <givenName>Rüdiger</givenName>
      <familyName>Kapitza</familyName>
      <affiliation>TU Braunschweig</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Pietzuch, Peter</creatorName>
      <givenName>Peter</givenName>
      <familyName>Pietzuch</familyName>
      <affiliation>Imperial College London</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Fetzer, Christof</creatorName>
      <givenName>Christof</givenName>
      <familyName>Fetzer</familyName>
      <affiliation>TU Dresden</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>SCONE: Secure Linux Containers with Intel SGX</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2016</publicationYear>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2016-11-02</date>
  </dates>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Preprint</resourceType>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/163059</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
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    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsPartOf">https://zenodo.org/communities/ecfunded</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;In multi-tenant environments, Linux containers managed by Docker or Kubernetes have a lower resource footprint, faster startup times, and higher I/O performance compared to virtual machines (VMs) on hypervisors. Yet their weaker isolation guarantees, enforced through software kernel mechanisms, make it easier for attackers to compromise the confidentiality and integrity of application data within containers.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;We describe SCONE, a secure container mechanism for Docker that uses the SGX trusted execution support of Intel CPUs to protect container processes from outside attacks. The design of SCONE leads to (i) a small trusted computing base (TCB) and (ii) a low performance overhead: SCONE offers a secure C standard library interface that transparently encrypts/decrypts I/O data; to reduce the performance impact of thread synchronization and system calls within SGX enclaves, SCONE supports user-level threading and asynchronous system calls. Our evaluation shows that it protects unmodified applications with SGX, achieving 0.6× – 1.2× of native throughput.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
  </descriptions>
  <fundingReferences>
    <fundingReference>
      <funderName>European Commission</funderName>
      <funderIdentifier funderIdentifierType="Crossref Funder ID">10.13039/501100000780</funderIdentifier>
      <awardNumber awardURI="info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/645011/">645011</awardNumber>
      <awardTitle>Secure Enclaves for REactive Cloud Applications</awardTitle>
    </fundingReference>
    <fundingReference>
      <funderName>European Commission</funderName>
      <funderIdentifier funderIdentifierType="Crossref Funder ID">10.13039/501100000780</funderIdentifier>
      <awardNumber awardURI="info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/690111/">690111</awardNumber>
      <awardTitle>Secure Big Data Processing in Untrusted Clouds</awardTitle>
    </fundingReference>
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