Journal article Open Access

A prospective study on the bidirectional association between parenting styles and self-regulation among university students

Relojo, Dennis; Santos, Agnes; Borlongan, Amelita

The objective of this study is to identify the bidirectional relationship between parenting style and selfregulation among Filipino university studens. The relationship was assessed using the Scale of Parenting Style and Self-Regulation Questionnaire. Statistical results showed that many of the freshmen (48%) and senior (44%) university students have a negligent style for self regulation. It also showed that there is negligible correlation between the parenting style and the self-regulation of senior and freshmen university students (p < .05). It was revealed that freshmen students have poorer self-control, and this is not just due to having uninvolved parents; other factors may play a role. Senior students of the said university today are more controlled with their emotions and behaviours despite having negligent parents, most probably due to other factors such as self-determination. Self- regulation level may be high or low regardless of what type of parenting style the children’s parents may have, because factors, such as self-determination, exist. Recommendations for further studies could be conducted with regard to the other factors for influencing self-regulation, such as assessment of the coping mechanism used by the children who have negligent parents. Other instruments could be used to measure students’ self- regulation to measure the consistency of the results of the present study.

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