Journal article Open Access

Phytochemical analysis, antioxidant and anti-Candida albicans activities of Annona cherimola Mill. fruit pulp

BENARBA Bachir; MENDAS Okba Ibnou Nafaa; Setti RIGHI


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    <subfield code="a">Phytochemical screening</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Candida albicans</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Department of biology, Faculty of Nature and Life Science, University of Mascara, Algeria.</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Department of biology, Faculty of Nature and Life Science, University of Mascara, Algeria.</subfield>
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    <subfield code="p">The North African Journal of Food and Nutrition Research</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Research Laboratory on Biological Systems and Geomatics, Faculty of Nature and Life Science, University of Mascara, Algeria</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">BENARBA Bachir</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Phytochemical analysis, antioxidant and anti-Candida albicans activities of Annona cherimola Mill. fruit pulp</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Aims: &lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;&amp;nbsp;The main objectives of the present study were to characterize the phytochemical profile of &lt;em&gt;Annona cherimola&lt;/em&gt; Mill, to assess its antioxidant characteristics and its antifungal activity against &lt;em&gt;Candida albicans&lt;/em&gt;.&lt;strong&gt; &lt;/strong&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Methods and Material: &lt;/strong&gt;Aqueous decoction, aqueous infusion, aqueous maceration, and methanolic maceration were screened for the presence of phytochemicals and to quantify content of phenolics, tannins, and flavonoids. Furthermore, antioxidant activity was assessed using DPPH and FRAP assays, as well the assessment of antifungal activity for the different extracts. &amp;nbsp;&lt;strong&gt;Results: &lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;&amp;nbsp;Results showed that phenols, tannins, flavonoids, and saponins were present in the four extracts. The aqueous maceration extract presented the highest total phenolic content (3.687 mg GAE/g of extract). Decoction extract showed the lowest phenolic content 2.504 mg GAE/g.&amp;nbsp; Besides, infusion showed the most important total flavonoids content (2.567mg CE/g). The most relevant total antioxidant activity was found for decoction (lowest IC&lt;sub&gt;50&lt;/sub&gt; 12.61 mg/ml AAE). The aqueous maceration exhibited the less antioxidant activity (IC&lt;sub&gt;50&lt;/sub&gt;= 21.98 mg/ml AAE). The best scavenging activity was observed for decoction (IC&lt;sub&gt;50&lt;/sub&gt;=7.27 &amp;micro;g/mL). All the extracts showed a reducing capacity. Infusion exhibited the best reducing power (EC&lt;sub&gt;50&lt;/sub&gt; = 11.29 &amp;micro;g/mL), compared to decoction (EC&lt;sub&gt;50&lt;/sub&gt; = 39.32 &amp;micro;g/mL). Regarding antifungal activity, at 100 and 200 &amp;micro;g/mL, decoction and methanolic maceration resulted in 6 and 9 mm inhibition zone, respectively. In addition, at higher doses (800 and 2000 &amp;micro;g/mL), inhibition zone increased in a dose dependent manner for all the extracts. &lt;strong&gt;Conclusions: &lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;em&gt;Annona cherimola&lt;/em&gt; Mill. could be an important source of bioactive molecules with antioxidant and antifungal activities.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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