Thesis Open Access

Numérique et régime français des savoirs en~action : l'open en sciences. Le cas de la consultation République numérique (2015)

Gruson-Daniel Célya


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@phdthesis{gruson_daniel_celya_2018_1491292,
  author       = {Gruson-Daniel Célya},
  title        = {{Numérique et régime français des savoirs en~action 
                   : l'open en sciences.  Le cas de la consultation
                   République numérique (2015)}},
  school       = {{Université Paris Descartes - Ecole Doctorale ED474 
                   Frontières du Vivant}},
  year         = 2018,
  month        = nov,
  note         = {{THE FRENCH REGIME OF KNOWLEDGES AND ITS DYNAMICS: 
                   OPEN IN SCIENCES AND DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES IN
                   DEBATE.  THE CASE STUDY OF THE FRENCH BILL FOR A
                   "DIGITAL REPUBLIC" (2015)  This research
                   investigates the worlds of contemporary French
                   knowledge production in order to understand the
                   different meanings of the term 'open' in sciences.
                   Specific attention has been drawn to the
                   qualifying adjective 'open' in relation to the
                   French translations (ouvert, libre gratuit) as
                   well as associated terms (science, data, access)
                   with this formula. This inquiry began in 2013 and
                   focused mainly on a specific event, the
                   consultation on the bill for a "Digital Republic"
                   (September-October 2015), in particular Article 9
                   on "open access to scientific publications in
                   public research". This online consultation has
                   allowed for a national and public scope to the
                   issue of access to knowledges. As an "equipped"
                   reality test via a participative website, arose
                   the opportunity to observe almost "live" the
                   defense of different conceptions of "what should
                   be" the contemporary regime of knowledges in
                   France. Through a grounded theory approach around
                   this particular crystallisation moment of the
                   debates on open in sciences has led me to
                   gradually constitute a corpus of documents,
                   reflecting the deployment of the exchanges on
                   different digital spaces/apparatus (consultation
                   website, scientific blogs, academic notebooks,
                   mainstream press, etc.). Within an iterative
                   research process, I combined digital methods
                   (digital mapping of the similarity of votes) and
                   qualitative analysis of the corpus, as well as the
                   theoretical concepts mobilized at the crossroads
                   between information and communication sciences and
                   "pragmatic sociology of critique". This enabled
                   the development of a model which shows that the
                   argumentative perspectives and the strategies in
                   the test implemented by various stakeholders to
                   promote their own conceptions are underpinned by
                   logics, which I have attached to "spirits" of the
                   French regime of knowledges. Subsequently, by
                   switching from modeling to transposable
                   theorization into other fields of research, I show
                   how the distinction between two logics
                   (technoindustrial or processual), behind the
                   discourses on open, can be relevant to analyze the
                   current reconfigurations of other "societal
                   arrangements". The consultation by itself
                   illustrates this point with the coexistence of two
                   "digital" conceptions of democracy (extended
                   representative or contributive), embodied in the
                   design of the consultative platform. In the last
                   part, I propose to explain the dynamics between
                   the reconfiguration of a spirit and its social
                   arrangement, by considering the permanent coupling
                   between cognition, technologically mediated
                   actions and socio-technical environment. Finally,
                   the PhD experience narrated throughout this
                   inquiry is also an example of an enaction process
                   on my own conceptions of open. In this sense, it
                   opens further reflections on the situated and
                   incarnated nature of any production of knowledges,
                   which escapes neither the limits nor the
                   potentialities of metacognition.     Keywords:
                   open, regime of knowledges, democracy, debate,
                   digital technologies, enaction}},
  doi          = {10.5281/zenodo.1491292},
  url          = {https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1491292}
}
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