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Taming the chronology of South Gaulish Samian found at Hadrian's Wall and the German Limes using Linked Open Data

Florian Thiery; Allard Mees


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{
  "inLanguage": {
    "alternateName": "eng", 
    "@type": "Language", 
    "name": "English"
  }, 
  "description": "<p>Since the mid-1990s the RGZM (R&ouml;misch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz) provides web-based databases containing millions of datasets with content from many different archaeological disciplines. These relational databases were constructed in interdisciplinary transnational projects and include a lot of &ldquo;hidden archaeological assumptions&rdquo;. The aim of our paper is to make these hidden assumptions visible and provide them as a Linked Open Data graph to establish reproducible research as a basis for Open Science.</p>\n\n<p>In particular the Samian Research database [1] at the RGZM which is based on the Names on Terra Sigillata project of Leeds and Reading Universities funded by the AHRC offers nearly 250&#39;000 identified potter stamps, which are traditionally dated in a traditional way. In Roman archaeology this is usually expressed by establishing &quot;absolute dates&quot; in well known &ldquo;from-to&rdquo; tables, whereas in reality, the situation is much more diffuse. In fact, Samian dating is quite often based upon so-called &lsquo;dated sites&rsquo;, which are themselves dated by Samian. Occurrences of South Gaulish Samian on &ldquo;historically dated sites&rdquo; like Hadrian&rsquo;s Wall with its absolute dating or the Wetteraulimes with its less clear dating are difficult to use as dating arguments because it is not possible to say a priori whether these were &ldquo;survivals&rdquo; or whether they were part of a still existing South Gaulish export industry. Therefore an RDF (Resource Description Framework) based model has been developed to deal with occurrences making the Samian dating process verifiable and transparent.</p>\n\n<p>This paper focuses on modelling dating arguments using a relative chronology based on Allen&rsquo;s interval algebra [2] compared with absolute dates in the prototypical build Academic Meta Tool [2] to create Linked Open Data for reproducible and transparent research. This tool enables the creation of an RDF-based ontology such as for modelling dating arguments and visualising the semantic reasoning for detecting errors.</p>\n\n<p>[1] http://rgzm.de/samian</p>\n\n<p>[2] http://cse.unl.edu/~choueiry/Documents/Allen-CACM1983.pdf</p>\n\n<p>[3] http://academic-meta-tool.xyz</p>", 
  "license": "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "affiliation": "R\u00f6misch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3246-3531", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Florian Thiery"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "R\u00f6misch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7634-5342", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Allard Mees"
    }
  ], 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/1469299", 
  "datePublished": "2018-10-26", 
  "@type": "PresentationDigitalDocument", 
  "keywords": [
    "Linked Open Data", 
    "Chronology", 
    "South Gaulish Samian", 
    "Allen's interval algebra"
  ], 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1469299", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1469299", 
  "workFeatured": {
    "url": "https://uk.caa-international.org/caa-uk-2018-edinburgh/", 
    "alternateName": "CAA-UK 2018", 
    "location": "Edinburgh, Scotland, Great Britain", 
    "@type": "Event", 
    "name": "UK Chapter of Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology"
  }, 
  "name": "Taming the chronology of South Gaulish Samian found at Hadrian's Wall and the German Limes using Linked Open Data"
}
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