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Taming the chronology of South Gaulish Samian found at Hadrian's Wall and the German Limes using Linked Open Data

Florian Thiery; Allard Mees

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  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.1469299</identifier>
      <creatorName>Florian Thiery</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="">0000-0002-3246-3531</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Allard Mees</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="">0000-0002-7634-5342</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz</affiliation>
    <title>Taming the chronology of South Gaulish Samian found at Hadrian's Wall and the German Limes using Linked Open Data</title>
    <subject>Linked Open Data</subject>
    <subject>South Gaulish Samian</subject>
    <subject>Allen's interval algebra</subject>
    <date dateType="Issued">2018-10-26</date>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Presentation</resourceType>
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    <rights rightsURI="">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;Since the mid-1990s the RGZM (R&amp;ouml;misch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz) provides web-based databases containing millions of datasets with content from many different archaeological disciplines. These relational databases were constructed in interdisciplinary transnational projects and include a lot of &amp;ldquo;hidden archaeological assumptions&amp;rdquo;. The aim of our paper is to make these hidden assumptions visible and provide them as a Linked Open Data graph to establish reproducible research as a basis for Open Science.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;In particular the Samian Research database [1] at the RGZM which is based on the Names on Terra Sigillata project of Leeds and Reading Universities funded by the AHRC offers nearly 250&amp;#39;000 identified potter stamps, which are traditionally dated in a traditional way. In Roman archaeology this is usually expressed by establishing &amp;quot;absolute dates&amp;quot; in well known &amp;ldquo;from-to&amp;rdquo; tables, whereas in reality, the situation is much more diffuse. In fact, Samian dating is quite often based upon so-called &amp;lsquo;dated sites&amp;rsquo;, which are themselves dated by Samian. Occurrences of South Gaulish Samian on &amp;ldquo;historically dated sites&amp;rdquo; like Hadrian&amp;rsquo;s Wall with its absolute dating or the Wetteraulimes with its less clear dating are difficult to use as dating arguments because it is not possible to say a priori whether these were &amp;ldquo;survivals&amp;rdquo; or whether they were part of a still existing South Gaulish export industry. Therefore an RDF (Resource Description Framework) based model has been developed to deal with occurrences making the Samian dating process verifiable and transparent.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;This paper focuses on modelling dating arguments using a relative chronology based on Allen&amp;rsquo;s interval algebra [2] compared with absolute dates in the prototypical build Academic Meta Tool [2] to create Linked Open Data for reproducible and transparent research. This tool enables the creation of an RDF-based ontology such as for modelling dating arguments and visualising the semantic reasoning for detecting errors.&lt;/p&gt;



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