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Taming the chronology of South Gaulish Samian found at Hadrian's Wall and the German Limes using Linked Open Data

Florian Thiery; Allard Mees


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        <foaf:name>Florian Thiery</foaf:name>
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        <foaf:name>Allard Mees</foaf:name>
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    <dct:title>Taming the chronology of South Gaulish Samian found at Hadrian's Wall and the German Limes using Linked Open Data</dct:title>
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    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#gYear">2018</dct:issued>
    <dcat:keyword>Linked Open Data</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Chronology</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>South Gaulish Samian</dcat:keyword>
    <dcat:keyword>Allen's interval algebra</dcat:keyword>
    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#date">2018-10-26</dct:issued>
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    <dct:description>&lt;p&gt;Since the mid-1990s the RGZM (R&amp;ouml;misch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz) provides web-based databases containing millions of datasets with content from many different archaeological disciplines. These relational databases were constructed in interdisciplinary transnational projects and include a lot of &amp;ldquo;hidden archaeological assumptions&amp;rdquo;. The aim of our paper is to make these hidden assumptions visible and provide them as a Linked Open Data graph to establish reproducible research as a basis for Open Science.&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;In particular the Samian Research database [1] at the RGZM which is based on the Names on Terra Sigillata project of Leeds and Reading Universities funded by the AHRC offers nearly 250&amp;#39;000 identified potter stamps, which are traditionally dated in a traditional way. In Roman archaeology this is usually expressed by establishing &amp;quot;absolute dates&amp;quot; in well known &amp;ldquo;from-to&amp;rdquo; tables, whereas in reality, the situation is much more diffuse. In fact, Samian dating is quite often based upon so-called &amp;lsquo;dated sites&amp;rsquo;, which are themselves dated by Samian. Occurrences of South Gaulish Samian on &amp;ldquo;historically dated sites&amp;rdquo; like Hadrian&amp;rsquo;s Wall with its absolute dating or the Wetteraulimes with its less clear dating are difficult to use as dating arguments because it is not possible to say a priori whether these were &amp;ldquo;survivals&amp;rdquo; or whether they were part of a still existing South Gaulish export industry. Therefore an RDF (Resource Description Framework) based model has been developed to deal with occurrences making the Samian dating process verifiable and transparent.&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;This paper focuses on modelling dating arguments using a relative chronology based on Allen&amp;rsquo;s interval algebra [2] compared with absolute dates in the prototypical build Academic Meta Tool [2] to create Linked Open Data for reproducible and transparent research. This tool enables the creation of an RDF-based ontology such as for modelling dating arguments and visualising the semantic reasoning for detecting errors.&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;[1] http://rgzm.de/samian&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;[2] http://cse.unl.edu/~choueiry/Documents/Allen-CACM1983.pdf&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;[3] http://academic-meta-tool.xyz&lt;/p&gt;</dct:description>
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