Presentation Open Access

Taming the chronology of South Gaulish Samian found at Hadrian's Wall and the German Limes using Linked Open Data

Florian Thiery; Allard Mees

Citation Style Language JSON Export

  "publisher": "Zenodo", 
  "DOI": "10.5281/zenodo.1469299", 
  "language": "eng", 
  "title": "Taming the chronology of South Gaulish Samian found at Hadrian's Wall and the German Limes using Linked Open Data", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
  "abstract": "<p>Since the mid-1990s the RGZM (R&ouml;misch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz) provides web-based databases containing millions of datasets with content from many different archaeological disciplines. These relational databases were constructed in interdisciplinary transnational projects and include a lot of &ldquo;hidden archaeological assumptions&rdquo;. The aim of our paper is to make these hidden assumptions visible and provide them as a Linked Open Data graph to establish reproducible research as a basis for Open Science.</p>\n\n<p>In particular the Samian Research database [1] at the RGZM which is based on the Names on Terra Sigillata project of Leeds and Reading Universities funded by the AHRC offers nearly 250&#39;000 identified potter stamps, which are traditionally dated in a traditional way. In Roman archaeology this is usually expressed by establishing &quot;absolute dates&quot; in well known &ldquo;from-to&rdquo; tables, whereas in reality, the situation is much more diffuse. In fact, Samian dating is quite often based upon so-called &lsquo;dated sites&rsquo;, which are themselves dated by Samian. Occurrences of South Gaulish Samian on &ldquo;historically dated sites&rdquo; like Hadrian&rsquo;s Wall with its absolute dating or the Wetteraulimes with its less clear dating are difficult to use as dating arguments because it is not possible to say a priori whether these were &ldquo;survivals&rdquo; or whether they were part of a still existing South Gaulish export industry. Therefore an RDF (Resource Description Framework) based model has been developed to deal with occurrences making the Samian dating process verifiable and transparent.</p>\n\n<p>This paper focuses on modelling dating arguments using a relative chronology based on Allen&rsquo;s interval algebra [2] compared with absolute dates in the prototypical build Academic Meta Tool [2] to create Linked Open Data for reproducible and transparent research. This tool enables the creation of an RDF-based ontology such as for modelling dating arguments and visualising the semantic reasoning for detecting errors.</p>\n\n<p>[1]</p>\n\n<p>[2]</p>\n\n<p>[3]</p>", 
  "author": [
      "family": "Florian Thiery"
      "family": "Allard Mees"
  "id": "1469299", 
  "event-place": "Edinburgh, Scotland, Great Britain", 
  "type": "speech", 
  "event": "UK Chapter of Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA-UK 2018)"
All versions This version
Views 138138
Downloads 7575
Data volume 281.6 MB281.6 MB
Unique views 133133
Unique downloads 6767


Cite as