Conference paper Open Access
For the experiments, 4.0 kV, 50 μs duration, 10 kHz pulses are used to excite the plasma discharge through a 20 cm long capillary soda lime glass tube with internal diameter of 0.9 mm. In order to capture the dynamic behaviour of the plasma jet, an Intensified Charged Coupled Device (ICCD) is used. For the simulation model, the gas mixing of the helium with the ambient air is treated through a gas dynamic model that feeds its output to the plasma fluid model . The simulations focus on the effects of the presence of the dielectric target and that of the oxygen admixtures (500ppm-2000ppm) on the plasma bullet shape and speed, the induced electric field, the secondary emission flux of electrons and the dynamic behavior of the chemical reactions (separating also the Penning reaction contributions) responsible for the plasma jet propagation. The numerical and experimental results have good agreement and show that the evolution of the helium plasma jet is highly affected by the introduction of oxygen admixtures.