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Preprint Open Access

# UP versus NP

Frank Vega

UP versus NP

P versus NP is considered as one of the most important open problems in computer science. This consists in knowing the answer of the following question: Is P equal to NP? A precise statement of the P versus NP problem was introduced independently in 1971 by Stephen Cook and Leonid Levin. Since that date, all efforts to find a proof for this problem have failed. Another major complexity class is UP. Whether UP = NP is another fundamental question that it is as important as it is unresolved. To attack the UP = NP question the concept of NP-completeness is very useful. If any single NP-complete problem is in UP, then UP = NP. Quadratic Congruences is a well-known NP-complete problem. We prove Quadratic Congruences is also in UP. In this way, we demonstrate that UP = NP.

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