Conference paper Open Access

Field experiments for the containment of the spread of Xylella fastidiosa in olive orchards

Dongiovanni C.; Di Carolo M.; Fumarola G.; Tauro D.; Ciniero A.; Altamura G.; Palmisano F.; Cavalieri V.


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{
  "inLanguage": {
    "alternateName": "eng", 
    "@type": "Language", 
    "name": "English"
  }, 
  "description": "<p>The control of plant diseases caused by insect-vectored pathogens relies primarily on<br>\neffective strategies for the reduction of the vector populations. The emergence of the insectvectored<br>\nbacterium Xylella fastidiosa in southern Italy, and more recently in different EU<br>\nCountries, called for research on the characterization of the xylem-feeder populations and<br>\nidentification of candidate European vectors. Surveys identified the spittlebug Philaenus<br>\nspumarius as one of the most abundant species, in different countries and crops, as well as<br>\nthe predominant vector spreading the infections on olive trees in southern Italy. This finding<br>\ncalled for the development of control strategies to reduce the population of this highly<br>\npolyphagous and widespread insect species. Besides, supporting actions for the mechanical<br>\ncontrol of the ground vegetation to effectively reduce the juvenile populations, there was a<br>\nneed to develop tools for the control of the adults. From 2015 to 2017, several formulations<br>\nbased on different active substances (chemical and organic) with different mechanism of<br>\naction were tested for the control of nymphs and adults of P. spumarius. Indeed, in the last<br>\ntwo years, experiments were carried out, for evaluating the reduction of the bacterial<br>\ntransmission rates upon applications of kaolin on olive canopies. Applications of insecticides<br>\nshowed that among the synthetic products, neonicotinoids and pyrethroids yielded the<br>\nhighest mortality rates and persistence, both for the control of the juveniles and adults,<br>\nwhereas lower efficacy was recorded for the natural and inert compounds. Reduction of the<br>\ntransmission rates have been so far detected upon applications with kaolin.</p>", 
  "license": "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "affiliation": "CRSFA", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Dongiovanni C."
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "CRSFA", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Di Carolo M."
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "CRSFA", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Fumarola G."
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "CRSFA", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Tauro D."
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "CRSFA", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Ciniero A."
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "IPSP", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Altamura G."
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "CRSFA", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Palmisano F."
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "IPSP", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Cavalieri V."
    }
  ], 
  "headline": "Field experiments for the containment of the spread of Xylella fastidiosa in olive orchards", 
  "image": "https://zenodo.org/static/img/logos/zenodo-gradient-round.svg", 
  "datePublished": "2018-09-07", 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/1421712", 
  "@type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
  "keywords": [
    "IPM, P. spumarius, OQDS, spittlebug, pest control"
  ], 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1421712", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1421712", 
  "workFeatured": {
    "location": "Ancona (Italy)", 
    "@type": "Event", 
    "name": "XXIV SIPaV Congress"
  }, 
  "name": "Field experiments for the containment of the spread of Xylella fastidiosa in olive orchards"
}
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