Conference paper Open Access

Field experiments for the containment of the spread of Xylella fastidiosa in olive orchards

Dongiovanni C.; Di Carolo M.; Fumarola G.; Tauro D.; Ciniero A.; Altamura G.; Palmisano F.; Cavalieri V.


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  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.1421712</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Dongiovanni C.</creatorName>
      <affiliation>CRSFA</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Di Carolo M.</creatorName>
      <affiliation>CRSFA</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Fumarola G.</creatorName>
      <affiliation>CRSFA</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Tauro D.</creatorName>
      <affiliation>CRSFA</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Ciniero A.</creatorName>
      <affiliation>CRSFA</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Altamura G.</creatorName>
      <affiliation>IPSP</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Palmisano F.</creatorName>
      <affiliation>CRSFA</affiliation>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Cavalieri V.</creatorName>
      <affiliation>IPSP</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>Field experiments for the containment of the spread of Xylella fastidiosa in olive orchards</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2018</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>IPM, P. spumarius, OQDS, spittlebug, pest control</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2018-09-07</date>
  </dates>
  <language>en</language>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="ConferencePaper"/>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/1421712</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.1421711</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;The control of plant diseases caused by insect-vectored pathogens relies primarily on&lt;br&gt;
effective strategies for the reduction of the vector populations. The emergence of the insectvectored&lt;br&gt;
bacterium Xylella fastidiosa in southern Italy, and more recently in different EU&lt;br&gt;
Countries, called for research on the characterization of the xylem-feeder populations and&lt;br&gt;
identification of candidate European vectors. Surveys identified the spittlebug Philaenus&lt;br&gt;
spumarius as one of the most abundant species, in different countries and crops, as well as&lt;br&gt;
the predominant vector spreading the infections on olive trees in southern Italy. This finding&lt;br&gt;
called for the development of control strategies to reduce the population of this highly&lt;br&gt;
polyphagous and widespread insect species. Besides, supporting actions for the mechanical&lt;br&gt;
control of the ground vegetation to effectively reduce the juvenile populations, there was a&lt;br&gt;
need to develop tools for the control of the adults. From 2015 to 2017, several formulations&lt;br&gt;
based on different active substances (chemical and organic) with different mechanism of&lt;br&gt;
action were tested for the control of nymphs and adults of P. spumarius. Indeed, in the last&lt;br&gt;
two years, experiments were carried out, for evaluating the reduction of the bacterial&lt;br&gt;
transmission rates upon applications of kaolin on olive canopies. Applications of insecticides&lt;br&gt;
showed that among the synthetic products, neonicotinoids and pyrethroids yielded the&lt;br&gt;
highest mortality rates and persistence, both for the control of the juveniles and adults,&lt;br&gt;
whereas lower efficacy was recorded for the natural and inert compounds. Reduction of the&lt;br&gt;
transmission rates have been so far detected upon applications with kaolin.&lt;/p&gt;</description>
  </descriptions>
  <fundingReferences>
    <fundingReference>
      <funderName>European Commission</funderName>
      <funderIdentifier funderIdentifierType="Crossref Funder ID">10.13039/501100000780</funderIdentifier>
      <awardNumber awardURI="info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/635646/">635646</awardNumber>
      <awardTitle>Pest Organisms Threatening Europe</awardTitle>
    </fundingReference>
    <fundingReference>
      <funderName>European Commission</funderName>
      <funderIdentifier funderIdentifierType="Crossref Funder ID">10.13039/501100000780</funderIdentifier>
      <awardNumber awardURI="info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/727987/">727987</awardNumber>
      <awardTitle>Xylella Fastidiosa Active Containment Through a multidisciplinary-Oriented Research Strategy</awardTitle>
    </fundingReference>
  </fundingReferences>
</resource>
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